Quantifying the macroeconomic cost of night-time bathroom visits: an application to the UK

Hafner, Marco and Yerushalmi, Erez and Andersson, Fredrik L. and Burtea, Teodor (2020) Quantifying the macroeconomic cost of night-time bathroom visits: an application to the UK. Working Paper 5. Centre for Applied Finance and Economics (CAFE), Birmingham City Business School, Birmingham City University. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Little is known on the impact that nocturia (the need to wake up at night to urinate) has on a nation’s economy. While there are many individual factors associated with inadequate sleep (e.g. bad sleep hygiene, chronic sleep disorders such as insomnia or sleep apnea), frequently having to wake up at night to urinate fragments sleep, with negative consequences on an individual’s health and well-being as well as daytime functioning. Using a large-scale UK workforce data, we estimate the prevalence of nocturia in the working population and quantify the lost worker productivity caused by nocturia, measured by absenteeism and presenteeism. This enters our multi-country general equilibrium model, which we calibrate to the UK economy, to estimate the annual macroeconomic cost of nocturia. We find the annual cost of clinically significant nocturia (waking up at least twice to urinate) is around £5.4 billion, or equivalently £1996 per worker with nocturia. This cost estimate is larger than previous estimates on the productivity effects of nocturia using cost-of-illness (COI) methods, suggesting the importance of taking into account general equilibrium effects when assessing the economic burden of health conditions.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Identification Number: 5
Date: 6 October 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: nocturia, sleep, general equilibrium model, economic cost, urology
Subjects: A300 Clinical Medicine
B200 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy
L100 Economics
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > Birmingham City Business School > Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics
Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > Birmingham City Business School > Centre for Applied Finance and Economics
Depositing User: Erez Yerushalmi
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2020 12:58
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2020 15:52
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10037

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