Telephone clinic improves gluten-free dietary adherence in adults with coeliac disease: sustained at 6 months

Muhammad, Humayun and Reeves, Sue and Ishaq, Sauid and Mayberry, John Francis and Jeanes, Yvonne Margaret (2020) Telephone clinic improves gluten-free dietary adherence in adults with coeliac disease: sustained at 6 months. Frontline Gastroenterology. ISSN 2041-4145

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Abstract

Background: A gluten-free (GF) diet is the only treatment for coeliac disease (CD), non-adherence to the diet is associated with greater morbidity. The study aimed to examine the effect of a telephone clinic, designed to increase GF dietary knowledge and adherence, in adults with CD. Methods: A prospective study of 125 patients with histologically confirmed CD. Patients, not adhering to a GF diet (n=30), engaged in a personalised telephone clinic. Validated questionnaires were used to assess GF dietary adherence (Coeliac Disease Adherence Test; CDAT), knowledge of GF foods and CD-related quality of life (QoL). GF dietary adherence was assessed up to 12 months post telephone clinic. The control group completed the questionnaires only. Results: GF dietary adherence (CDAT) median scores significantly improved at 3 and 6 months after the telephone clinic compared with baseline (16, 13 and 13, respectively, p<0.01). Reassuringly, the dietary burden QoL score remained similar to baseline values. No change in CDAT scores were observed in the control group. Change in GF dietary knowledge score was associated with improved GF dietary adherence CDAT score (r=−0.22; p=0.039). At 9 and 12 months, CDAT scores were similar to baseline values. Conclusions: Telephone clinics have a positive impact on dietary knowledge and GF dietary adherence in adults with CD, promoting health-benefitting behaviours in those previously not adhering to a GF diet. The study highlights the need for patients to have regular follow-up, with targeted reviews for those not adhering to a GF diet.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Embargo end date: 27-10-2020 ** From BMJ via Jisc Publications Router ** History: received 06-08-2020; ppub 10-2020; rev-recd 01-10-2020; accepted 06-10-2020; epub 27-10-2020. ** Licence for this article starting on 27-10-2020: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1136/flgastro-2020-101643
Date: 27 October 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: Small bowel and nutrition, 1506, coeliac disease, gluten free diet, celiac disease, nutrition
Subjects: A300 Clinical Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences > School of Health Sciences
REF UoA Output Collections > REF2021 UoA 03: Allied Health Professions, Dentistry, Nursing & Pharmacy
SWORD Depositor: JISC PubRouter
Depositing User: JISC PubRouter
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2020 11:38
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2021 14:13
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10220

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