The evolution of gender wealth inequality in the United States in a changing institutional context

Szymborska, Hanna Karolina (2021) The evolution of gender wealth inequality in the United States in a changing institutional context. Feminist Economics. ISSN 1354-5701 (In Press)

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the patterns of household-level gender wealth inequality in light of financial sector transformation in the USA since the 1980s. Securitization, the subprime lending expansion, and wider liberalization measures influenced wealth disparities by determining access to different types of wealth, asset values, and relative indebtedness. The evolution of the gender wealth gap in the context of these institutional changes is not yet clearly established in the literature. Using the U.S. Survey of Consumer Finances between 1989-2019, the paper examines changes in wealth inequality between unpartnered male-headed and femaleheaded households and its determinants. It finds substantial heterogeneity of the gender wealth gap, and withingroup inequality for female-headed households, across different categories of marital status, family structure, race/ethnicity and percentile of wealth distribution. Homeownership is estimated to have an equalizing impact, while differences in employment income, age, self-employment, and ownership of high-yielding assets are associated with increasing wealth disparities.

Item Type: Article
Date: 9 June 2021
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wealth inequality, gender, portfolio composition, financial sector
Subjects: L100 Economics
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > Birmingham City Business School > Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics
Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > Birmingham City Business School > Centre for Applied Finance and Economics
Depositing User: Hanna Szymborska
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2021 10:38
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2021 10:38
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11802

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