The Role of Blockchain Technology in Augmenting Supply Chain Resilience to Cybercrime

Bayramova, Aya and Edwards, D.J. and Roberts, Chris (2021) The Role of Blockchain Technology in Augmenting Supply Chain Resilience to Cybercrime. Buildings, 11 (7). e283. ISSN 2075-5309

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Abstract

Using a systematic review of literature, this study identifies the potential impact of blockchain solutions for augmenting supply chain resilience (SCR) to cybercrime. This rich literature synthesis forms the basis of a novel theoretical framework that provides guidance and insight for blockchain adopters and vendors as well as delineate palpable benefits of this novel technology. An interpretivist philosophical design and inductive reasoning are adopted to conduct the systematic review of literature. A total of 867 papers were retrieved from Scopus database between the years of 2016 and 2020 and subsequently analysed via abductive reasoning, grounded theory and a thematic meta-analysis; where the latter was achieved using a scientometric approach and software tools such as VOS viewer and NVivo. Scientometric analysis revealed the most prolific countries, sources, publications and authors who reside at the vanguard of blockchain developments and adoption. Subsequent grounded theory analysis identified six main clusters of research endeavour viz: “case study”, “challenges and opportunity”, “traceability”, “smart contract” “blockchain and IoT” and “data security”. From 28 SCR metrics identified within literature, five were found to have been positively impacted by blockchain technology solutions, namely: “visibility”, “collaboration”, “integration”, “risk management” and “information sharing.” Prominent applications of blockchain technology in practice were “traceability systems” and “smart contracts” which are often implemented separately or in combination and primarily in food supply chains. This research constitutes the first study to critically synthesise extant literature for evaluation of blockchain solutions’ implication on SCR metrics. New perspectives obtained provided a basis for the novel theoretical framework for implementation that will be valued by software developers and adopting organizations, whilst creating new direction for researchers interested in blockchain technology.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** History: accepted 27-06-2021; pub-electronic 30-06-2021. ** Licence for this article: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11070283
Date: 30 June 2021
Uncontrolled Keywords: blockchain technology, supply chain resilience, cybersecurity, resilience metrics
Subjects: K200 Building
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
SWORD Depositor: JISC PubRouter
Depositing User: JISC PubRouter
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2021 14:02
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2021 14:02
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11880

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