An Evaluation of Urban Resilience to Flooding

Xu, Wenping and Cong, Jinting and Proverbs, David. and Zhang, Linlan (2021) An Evaluation of Urban Resilience to Flooding. Water, 13 (15). e2022. ISSN 2073-4441

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Abstract

Flooding has become the natural disaster that causes the greatest losses, with urban flooding restricting the healthy development of cities. The ability to assess a city’s resilience to flooding is very important and would contribute to improving resilience and also help to inform planning and development. The aim of this study was to determine the key urban flood resilience indicators for three different Chinese cities (Wuhan, Nanjing, and Hefei) and to prioritize these for each city. A combined interpretive structure and network analysis method (ISM-ANP) model was used to evaluate and analyze the selected evaluation indicators. A four-level urban flood resilience evaluation network model was constructed to determine the interdependence between indicators and to calculate the priorities of the flood resilience indicators for the three cities. Overall, rescue capacity was found to be extremely important and was defined as the most important index. For Wuhan, indicators related to the distribution of waters were found to be more important, while for Nanjing, spatial planning and spatial structure of land use were found to be key priorities. In Hefei, the level of investment in infrastructure and the level of public resources occupy a more important position. The framework presented in this study contributes to the understanding of urban flood resilience and has the potential to be extended to other natural hazards.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** History: accepted 20-07-2021; pub-electronic 24-07-2021. ** Licence for this article: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152022
Date: 24 July 2021
Uncontrolled Keywords: flood resilience, resilience analysis, urban flood, ISM-ANP model
Subjects: H100 General Engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
SWORD Depositor: JISC PubRouter
Depositing User: JISC PubRouter
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2021 10:40
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2021 10:40
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11994

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