Pre-Socratic Understandings of Moral Identity: The Theoretical Infrastructure, Development, Reliability and Validity of the Philotimo Scale

Mantzios, Michail (2021) Pre-Socratic Understandings of Moral Identity: The Theoretical Infrastructure, Development, Reliability and Validity of the Philotimo Scale. Imagination, Cognition and Personality. ISSN 0276-2366

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Abstract

The word Philotimo has often been literally translated from Greek to English as ‘love for honour’ or a ‘sense of honour’. This love for honour is described as being a pillar of upholding societal functioning at an optimal level, and an instigator of doing what is right for oneself and others; yet, there is no literature measuring or defining Philotimo. Philotimo is a commitment to unconditional selfless acts that are aligned to a sense of a moral identity; a definition derivative of the literature search and the enquiry of the core principles of Philotimo of the present research. In six studies (N = 1144), the development and validation of the Philotimo Scale is described. In Study 1, Greek participants were asked to rate how much they thought they possessed the trait, which correlated with the total score of the scale, while in Study 2 bilingual Greeks were asked to fill in both versions of the scale with a 2-week interval. Study 3 assessed the reliability of the scale, and Study 4 its stability over time. Study 5 assessed the factor structure, and Study 6 validated the scale against other standardised scales. Together these studies propose a reliable and valid measure that is representative of the Greek sense of Philotimo.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1177/02762366211013503
Date: 2 May 2021
Uncontrolled Keywords: Philotimo, HEXACO, Philotimo Scale, integrity
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Divisions: REF UoA Output Collections > REF2021 UoA 04: Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Psychology
Depositing User: Michael Mantzios
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2021 14:21
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2021 14:21
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12046

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