Exploring the Environmental Manifestation of Types of Music on Reinforcing Mindfulness and Concurrent Calorie Intake

Hussain, Misba and Egan, Helen and Keyte, Rebecca and Mantzios, Michail (2020) Exploring the Environmental Manifestation of Types of Music on Reinforcing Mindfulness and Concurrent Calorie Intake. Psychological Reports. 003329412096727. ISSN 0033-2941

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Abstract

Background
The role of music on energy intake is conflicting, and recent research has suggested a positive association between classical music listening and mindfulness.
Objective
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of music, specifically classical music on state mindfulness and calorie intake of energy-dense foods.
Method
One hundred participants were randomly assigned to either a classical, popular or no music condition, and were served a variety of sweet (i.e., chocolate and cookies) and savoury (i.e., crisps) energy-dense foods. Results: The results found no significant differences in state mindfulness, overall calorie intake, or intake of sweet foods across the three conditions. However, participants in the classical music condition did consume significantly less savoury food than those in the no music condition.
Conclusion
Playing classical music may be beneficial in reducing intake of savoury foods, but not through the association to changes in state mindfulness. Future research should explore extended sessions of music listening on state mindfulness and other experiential evaluations of mindfulness to conclude on the direct and indirect effects of music on sweet and savoury foods.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294120967276
Date: 22 October 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environment, music, eating behaviours, calorie intake, mindfulness
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Divisions: REF UoA Output Collections > REF2021 UoA 04: Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Psychology
Depositing User: Michael Mantzios
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2021 15:06
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2021 15:06
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12055

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