Performance of MobileNetV3 Transfer Learning on Handheld Device-based Real-Time Tree Species Identification

Hussain, Ambreen and Barua, Bidushi and Osman, Ahmed and Abozariba, Raouf and Asyhari, A. Taufiq (2021) Performance of MobileNetV3 Transfer Learning on Handheld Device-based Real-Time Tree Species Identification. In: 26th IEEE International Conference on Automation and Computing, 2nd - 4th September 2021, Portsmouth.

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Abstract

Detailed information on tree species constitutes an essential factor to support forest health monitoring and biodiversity conservation. Current deep learning-based mobile applications for tree and plant identification require excessive computation. They largely depend on a network connection to perform computing tasks on powerful remote servers in the Cloud. Many forestry areas are remote with limited or no cellular coverage, which is an obstacle for these applications to recognize trees and plants in these areas in real-time. This paper investigates existing CNN-based machine learning applications for plant identification tailored for handheld device usages.
Driven by network independence, reduced computation, size and time requirements, we propose the use of MobileNet (a mobile computer vision architecture) transfer learning to improve the accuracy of offline leaf-based plant recognition. We then carry out experimental validation of state-of-the-art MobileNet. Our findings reveal that using MobileNetV3 transfer learning, accuracy up to 90% can be achieved within fewer iterations than end-to-end CNN-based models for plant identification. The lightweight model comes with reduced computation that runs independently within a smartphone application without internet access, ideal for tree species identification in rural forests.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Dates:
DateEvent
12 September 2021Accepted
30 September 2021Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: MobileNet, CNN, plant identification, mobile devices, transfer learning
Subjects: CAH11 - computing > CAH11-01 - computing > CAH11-01-04 - software engineering
CAH11 - computing > CAH11-01 - computing > CAH11-01-05 - artificial intelligence
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Computing and Digital Technology > Digital Media Technology
Depositing User: Ambreen Hussain
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2021 09:52
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2021 13:47
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12252

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