Enhancing Parkinson’s Disease Prediction Using Machine Learning and Feature Selection Methods

Saeed, Faisal and Al-Sarem, Mohammed and Al-Mohaimeed, Muhannad and Emara, Abdelhamid and Boulila, Wadii and Alasli, Mohammed and Ghabban, Fahad (2022) Enhancing Parkinson’s Disease Prediction Using Machine Learning and Feature Selection Methods. Computers, Materials and Continua, 71 (3). pp. 5639-5658. ISSN 1546-2218

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Abstract

Several millions of people suffer from Parkinson’s disease globally. Parkinson’s affects about 1% of people over 60 and its symptoms increase with age. The voice may be affected and patients experience abnormalities in speech that might not be noticed by listeners, but which could be analyzed using recorded speech signals. With the huge advancements of technology, the medical data has increased dramatically, and therefore, there is a need to apply data mining and machine learning methods to extract new knowledge from this data. Several classification methods were used to analyze medical data sets and diagnostic problems, such as Parkinson’s Disease (PD). In addition, to improve the performance of classification, feature selection methods have been extensively used in many fields. This paper aims to propose a comprehensive approach to enhance the prediction of PD using several machine learning methods with different feature selection methods such as filter-based and wrapper-based. The dataset includes 240 recodes with 46 acoustic features extracted from 3 voice recording replications for 80 patients. The experimental results showed improvements when wrapper-based features selection method was used with KNN classifier with accuracy of 88.33%. The best obtained results were compared with other studies and it was found that this study provides comparable and superior results.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2022.023124
Dates:
DateEvent
19 November 2021Accepted
14 January 2022Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: Filter-based Feature Selection Methods; Machine Learning; Parkinson’s disease; Wrapper-based Feature Selection Methods.
Subjects: CAH11 - computing > CAH11-01 - computing > CAH11-01-01 - computer science
CAH11 - computing > CAH11-01 - computing > CAH11-01-05 - artificial intelligence
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Computing and Digital Technology
Depositing User: Faisal Saeed
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2022 14:49
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2022 10:34
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12590

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