The Urban Future: Relating Garden City Ideas to the Climate Emergency

Nikologianni, Anastasia and Larkham, Peter J. (2022) The Urban Future: Relating Garden City Ideas to the Climate Emergency. Land, 11. ISSN 2073-445X

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Abstract

Climate emergency, landscape connectivity and rapid urbanization are among the major challenges of the 21st century. This paper discusses ways in which cities can respond to the changing climate and put in place a sustainable vision. It uses the garden city concept as a vehicle to investigate the future of our cities in relation to the climate emergency and the elements that urban centres need to provide. Cities and their wider regions are recognised as key actors in supporting systemic change and climate change governance, and therefore the scope of this paper is to explore contemporary models of garden cities and the ways in which these might be able to address climate emergency as well as the concepts of zero carbon and sustainability. The study uses the 2014 Wolfson Economics Prize, which was based on a garden city question. Taking an environmental perspective on the delivery of future cities, and using the competition essays and masterplans, this study produces analytical drawings aiming to unpack the concepts of sustainability and low carbon. This research concludes that the garden city concept can support the future needs of our settlements, but a 21st century approach needs to be developed. The social and economic ideas originally introduced at the end of the 19th century need to be updated as a holistic vision, including nature and biodiversity, climatic conditions, climate emergency adaptation and mitigation processes as well as community health and wellbeing, to be able to fully respond to the needs of the future.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/ land11020147
Dates:
DateEvent
13 January 2022Accepted
18 January 2022Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: garden city; climate emergency; urban design; landscape; resilience; cities; urban future; planning; landscape design
Subjects: CAH13 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01-03 - landscape design
CAH13 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01-04 - planning (urban, rural and regional)
Divisions: Faculty of Arts, Design and Media > Birmingham School of Architecture and Design
Depositing User: Peter Larkham
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2022 16:21
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2022 16:21
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12776

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