Cyber Security in the Maritime Industry: A Systematic Survey of Recent Advances and Future Trends

Ben Farah, Mohamed and Elochukwu, Ukwandu and Hindy, Hanan and Brosset, David and Bures, Miroslav and Andonovic, Ivan and Bellekens, Xavier (2022) Cyber Security in the Maritime Industry: A Systematic Survey of Recent Advances and Future Trends. Information. ISSN 2078-2489

information-13-00022 (4).pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (3MB)


The paper presents a classification of cyber attacks within the context of the state of the art in the maritime industry. A systematic categorization of vessel components has been conducted, complemented by an analysis of key services delivered within ports. The vulnerabilities of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) have been given particular consideration since it is a critical subcategory of many maritime infrastructures and, consequently, a target for cyber attacks. Recent research confirms that the dramatic proliferation of cyber crimes is fueled by increased levels of integration of new enabling technologies, such as IoT and Big Data. The trend to greater systems integration is, however, compelling, yielding significant business value by facilitating the operation of autonomous vessels, greater exploitation of smart ports, a reduction in the level of manpower and a marked improvement in fuel consumption and efficiency of services. Finally, practical challenges and future research trends have been highlighted.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number:
22 December 2021Accepted
6 January 2022Published
Uncontrolled Keywords: maritime industry; cyber-attack; autonomous vessel; port
Subjects: CAH11 - computing > CAH11-01 - computing > CAH11-01-01 - computer science
CAH11 - computing > CAH11-01 - computing > CAH11-01-04 - software engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Computing and Digital Technology
Depositing User: Mohamed Benfarah
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2022 16:42
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2023 12:00

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


In this section...