The Terminology Use and Diagnostic Approaches of Paediatric Speech and Language Therapists in the UK

Harvey, Hannah (2021) The Terminology Use and Diagnostic Approaches of Paediatric Speech and Language Therapists in the UK. Doctoral thesis, Birmingham City University.

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Hannah Olivia Harvey PhD Thesis published_Final version_Submitted Oct 2020_Final Award Jul 2021.pdf - Accepted Version

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Abstract

In recent years, the field of speech and language therapy has highly critiqued the existence of a vast number of diagnostic terms, all referring to paediatric language diagnoses. Substantive scholarly discussion has addressed the negative consequences of terminological inconsistency, including poor public awareness, underfunding of research and compromised lobbying efforts. Whilst many terms are used across research literature, there is no empirical evidence to show the diagnostic terminology used by speech and language therapists (SLTs) in clinical contexts. Although speculated, it is also unclear as to why variation may exist and persist, despite efforts to resolve it. The current study takes a mixed methods approach, supported by dialectical critical realism, to identify the terms used to denote speech, language and fluency diagnoses by SLTs in the UK. It also examines the underpinning reasons and investigates the clinical diagnostic process. A survey of SLTs (n=374) revealed which terms are commonly used in UK clinical practice. Associations between the use of terms and eight clinician-related factors (e.g. geographical location and workplace characteristics) were measured using chi-square testing. Semi-structured interviews sought the perspectives of 22 SLTs regarding their terminology use and diagnostic processes. The summation of both stages indicate that terminological consistency is a shared goal across the profession, but the nature of clinical practice poses substantial challenges to this. Interviewees reported taking an individualised approach to diagnosis with each client and adapting terms to meet the needs of families; however, this is not compatible with overall consistency. Participants disclosed barriers in their diagnostic practice such as limited clinical time, low public understanding of diagnostic terminology and the challenges of working with the highly varied needs of families. The confidence of SLTs to make diagnoses was generally low, resulting in alternative strategies to diagnosis being employed -such as the use of descriptions and colloquial terms. The impact and potential disparities associated with individualising terminology are considered and recommendations are made to support clinicians in their diagnostic practice.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Dates:
DateEvent
27 October 2020Submitted
9 July 2021Accepted
Uncontrolled Keywords: Speech and language therapy, diagnosis, diagnostic terminology, paediatric, disability, developmental language disorder, specific language impairment, stammering, speech sound disorder
Subjects: CAH15 - social sciences > CAH15-04 - health and social care > CAH15-04-03 - health studies
Divisions: Doctoral Research College > Doctoral Theses Collection
Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Jaycie Carter
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2022 15:12
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2022 15:12
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13350

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