Chain-Net: An Internet-inspired Framework for Interoperable Blockchains

Abdullah, Sidrah and Arshad, Junaid and Alsadi, Mohammed (2022) Chain-Net: An Internet-inspired Framework for Interoperable Blockchains. Distributed Ledger Technologies: Research and Practice. ISSN 2769-6472

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Abstract

Blockchain has introduced new opportunities with the potential to enhance systems and services across diverse application domains. Fundamental characteristics of blockchains such as immutability, decentralisation, transparency and traceability have a profound role in this. However, integration with contemporary systems and among disparate blockchain-based applications is a non-trivial challenge primarily due to differences with respect to platforms, consensus mechanism, and governance. Although this challenge has received some attention from the research community, it requires careful analysis to analyse existing work and ascertain gaps to achieve effective and efficient solution to this challenge. This paper presents a thorough systematic review of existing research within blockchain interoperability highlighting significant contributions. Leveraging this analysis, the paper presents an internet-inspired framework (Chain-Net) to facilitate interoperability within blockchain-based systems whereby two systems within independent Blockchain networks can securely exchange data with each other. This is achieved by using gateway module at each network. This module is lightweight node registered by Blockchain network, equipped with discovery service to lookup a target blockchain, and is responsible for forwarding cross-chain transactions to gateway module at the target blockchain. Gateway module plays a vital role in Chain-Net model, as it holds a cross-chain transaction in a pending state until a confirmation is received from the target blockchain, thus maintaining the record integrity between the two chains. The paper presents our efforts to evaluate the proposed blockchain interoperability framework against a success criteria based on our analysis of the blockchain interoperability challenge.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1145/3554761
Dates:
DateEvent
23 June 0022Accepted
9 August 2022Published Online
Subjects: CAH11 - computing > CAH11-01 - computing > CAH11-01-01 - computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Computing and Digital Technology > Networks and Cyber Security
Depositing User: Junaid Arshad
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2022 12:39
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2022 12:39
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13402

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