Comparative Analysis of Battery Thermal Management System Using Biodiesel Fuels

Al Qubeissi, Mansour and Mahmoud, Ayob and Al-Damook, Moustafa and Almshahy, Ali and Khatir, Zinedine and Soyhan, Hakan Serhad and Raja Ahsan Shah, Raja Mazuir (2023) Comparative Analysis of Battery Thermal Management System Using Biodiesel Fuels. Energies, 16 (1). p. 565. ISSN 1996-1073

energies-16-00565-v2.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (9MB)


Liquid fuel has been the main source of energy in internal combustion engines (ICE) for decades. However, lithium-ion batteries (LIB) have replaced ICE for environmentally friendly vehicles and reducing fossil fuel dependence. This paper focuses on the comparative analysis of battery thermal management system (BTMS) to maintain a working temperature in the range 15–35 °C and prevent thermal runaway and high temperature gradient, consequently increasing LIB lifecycle and performance. The proposed approach is to use biodiesel as the engine feed and coolant. A 3S2P LIB module is simulated using Ansys-Fluent CFD software tool. Four selective dielectric biodiesels are used as coolants, namely palm, karanja, jatropha, and mahua oils. In comparison to the conventional coolants in BTMS, mainly air and 3M Novec, biodiesel fuels have been proven as coolants to maintain LIB temperature within the optimum working range. For instance, the use of palm biodiesel can lightweight the BTMS by 43%, compared with 3M Novec, and likewise maintain BTMS performance.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number:
9 November 2022Accepted
3 January 2023Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: Battery thermal management, Biodiesel fuel, Hybrid vehicle, Li-ion battery, Cooling, Clean technology
Subjects: CAH10 - engineering and technology > CAH10-01 - engineering > CAH10-01-01 - engineering (non-specific)
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > College of Engineering
Depositing User: Gemma Tonks
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2023 16:13
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 11:50

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


In this section...