A Dynamic Multilevel Examination of Cross-Cultural Differences in Visual Perceptual Learning

Chua, Stephanie (2022) A Dynamic Multilevel Examination of Cross-Cultural Differences in Visual Perceptual Learning. Doctoral thesis, Birmingham City University.

Stephanie Chua PhD Thesis published_Final version_Submitted Mar 2022_Final Award Aug 2022.pdf - Accepted Version

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The present thesis uses a multilevel cultural framework to explore cross-cultural differences in visual perceptual learning (VPL). Specifically, the thesis aims to investigate VPL trajectories when people are compelled to engage in global processing. Due to a common global advantage during perception across populations (also known as the global precedence effect), any differences observed between people from different cultural backgrounds during training would reflect the prevailing influence of culture on VPL processes (Chapter 1). A shape discrimination task and a sequence learning task were employed to examine this hypothesis. At the outset, an integrated multilevel cultural framework was examined to define the macro (group) and micro (individual) levels of culture that may operate on VPL processes (Chapter 2). Culture was thus characterised by the individualism-collectivism construct at the macro level, while the independent-interdependent self-construal construct described variations at the micro level. Chapter 3 subsequently employed this framework to examine cultural differences in VPL using a shape discrimination task that implicates the differentiation mechanism of VPL. Following this, Chapter 4 employed a priming manipulation to investigate the dynamic influence of culture at the micro individual level of analysis. Chapter 5 then extends the investigation into another domain of VPL using a sequence learning task that implicates the unitisation mechanism of learning. Chapter 6 synthesised the results of the previous chapters and documented the systematic design process of an electroencephalogram (EEG) study using the shape discrimination task. Collectively, the outcomes suggest that cultural characteristics, when defined using a dynamic multilevel framework, can operate differentially on VPL processes as it is context- and task-dependent. The findings serve as an intriguing foundation for research in the interdisciplinary domain of culture and cognition. Future studies could employ neuroscientific methods and alternative micro and macro level features that better represent cultural characteristics within varying psychological domains. Research on diversity in learning offers novel insights into the dynamic multilevel nature of culture, which can be translated into real-world training paradigms.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
31 March 2022Submitted
24 August 2022Accepted
Uncontrolled Keywords: Culture, multilevel, visual perceptual learning, differentiation, unitisation
Subjects: CAH04 - psychology > CAH04-01 - psychology > CAH04-01-01 - psychology (non-specific)
Divisions: Doctoral Research College > Doctoral Theses Collection
Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > College of Psychology
Depositing User: Jaycie Carter
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2023 09:10
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2024 13:02
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14619

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