Health-related Quality of Life (HRQOL) of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and People without Diabetes at a Tertiary Hospital in Port-Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

Okpuruka, Perpetua O. and Anarado, Agnes N and Nwonu, Eunice and Chinweuba, A and Ogbonnaya, Ngozi P. and Opara, Hope C. and Anetekhai, Chinenye J. (2022) Health-related Quality of Life (HRQOL) of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and People without Diabetes at a Tertiary Hospital in Port-Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of Medicine and Health Development, 27 (2). pp. 151-159. ISSN 2635-3695

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Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL), a patient-sensitive outcome globally, has become the clinician’s primary goal of care. Evidence suggests that diabetes mellitus (DM) and its treatment/care impair patients’ HRQOL, which varies depending on the patient population/factors. Diabetics’ HRQOL in South-South Nigeria is largely unknown.
Objectives: This study assessed and compared
the HRQOL of patients with type 2 diabetes attending the outpatient diabetic clinic at a tertiary hospital in Port-Harcourt, Rivers State, South-South Nigeria with age-/gender-matched nondiabetics living within the same environment.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional comparative study recruited 200 respondents, respectively those with type 2 diabetes (cases) and nondiabetics (controls). Data were collected by using the World Health Organization Quality of Life–BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire and analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics at P≤ 0.05 level of significance.
Results: The two groups (200 each) had no significant differences (P = 0.35 - P = 0.98) in terms of their demographic variables. The diabetic group's mean scores were significantly (P = 0.00) lower than that of the non-diabetics in terms of WHOQOL-BREF overall, health satisfaction, physical, psychological, and social domains. Diabetics with tertiary education (58%) had a significantly higher mean score (P = 0.012) in terms of overall WHOQOL-BREF than those with secondary and primary education
(42%). Ninety-two patients (46%) with diabetes had comorbidities that increased significantly with age (P = 0.00) and expressed less satisfaction with their health (P = 0.04).
Conclusion: Patients with diabetes had lower HRQOL scores than nondiabetics, implying the negative impact of diabetes and its treatment/care on their life. Diabetics’ HRQOL should be routinely evaluated and enhanced by empowering diabetic self-care activities that aid diabetes control and retard complications.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number:
21 November 2021Accepted
3 March 2022Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diabetes mellitus; Nigeria; persons with diabetes; quality-of-life; World Health Organization Quality of Life–BREF
Subjects: CAH00 - multidisciplinary > CAH00-00 - multidisciplinary > CAH00-00-00 - multidisciplinary
CAH02 - subjects allied to medicine > CAH02-04 - nursing and midwifery > CAH02-04-02 - adult nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences > School of Nursing and Midwifery
Depositing User: Chinenye Anetekhai
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2023 08:58
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2023 08:58

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