Exploring Modern Slavery (MDS) in Nigeria's Mining Sector and the Examination of the Role of CSR and Other Factors in the Continuity of the Issue

Tolani, Owonubi Oluwatobi (2022) Exploring Modern Slavery (MDS) in Nigeria's Mining Sector and the Examination of the Role of CSR and Other Factors in the Continuity of the Issue. Doctoral thesis, Birmingham City University.

Tolani, Owonubi Oluwatobi PhD Thesis published_Final version_Submitted Feb 2022_Final Award Sept 2022.pdf - Accepted Version

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This thesis explores Modern Slavery (MDS) in Nigeria, specifically in the context of the mining industry. It examines the impact of organizational factors, culture, corruption, legislation, and poverty, among other factors, on the continuity of MDS in the mining industry.

The thesis commences by identifying three research questions, and they are as follows:
• What is the nature of MDS in Nigeria’s mining sector?
• What are the factors which influence the occurrence of MDS in the Nigerian mining sector?
• What is the role of organizations in the Nigerian mining sector in mitigating the continued occurrence of MDS?

The literature review examines extant literature relating to MDS, including available literature relating to the concept of slavery, different forms of MDS in practice, forced labor, psychological coercion, vulnerability, and other vital themes relating to MDS and factors which influence MDS. Reviewing the literature, it was identified that most studies examining the issue of MDS had only done so from a Western perspective, indicating gaps in the literature regarding MDS practices within the African perspective. The thesis identified that there were gaps in literature relating to CSR’s influence on MDS continuity, gaps relating to poverty, and its influence on MDS continuity. Additionally, gaps relating to legislation, poverty, and social dominance orientation and how these factors influence MDS continuity were identified.

The thesis used a mixed research approach whereby a sequential approach was applied in the investigation. Questionnaires were distributed to miners working in the Mining and extractions industry, and the results were analyzed using SPSS. The survey explored how poverty, corruption, legislation, culture, and organizational factors influenced MDS and its continuity. The results revealed poverty as the only significant factor influencing MDS and its continuity. Using qualitative approaches, these factors were further probed to explore how they influence MDS and its continuity. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 retired miners from Nigeria’s mining sector. Analysis of the research data was done using thematic analysis, facilitated by NVivo software. The study findings revealed that poverty, corruption, legislation, regulatory enforcement, and poor national minimum wage influence MDS and its continuity.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
21 February 2022Submitted
22 September 2022Accepted
Uncontrolled Keywords: Modern Slavery, Modern Day Slavery and Business, Modern Slavery in Mining
Subjects: CAH17 - business and management > CAH17-01 - business and management > CAH17-01-01 - business and management (non-specific)
Divisions: Doctoral Research College > Doctoral Theses Collection
Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > Birmingham City Business School
Depositing User: Jaycie Carter
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2023 12:01
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2023 12:01
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14722

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