Retrospective evaluations of sequences: Testing the predictions of a memory-based analysis

Aldrovandi, S. and Poirier, M. and Kusev, P. and Ayton, P. (2015) Retrospective evaluations of sequences: Testing the predictions of a memory-based analysis. Experimental Psychology, 62 (5). pp. 320-334. ISSN 16183169 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Retrospective evaluation (RE) of event sequences is known to be biased in various ways. The present paper presents a series of studies that examined the suggestion that the moments that are the most accessible in memory at the point of RE contribute to these biases. As predicted by this memory-based analysis, Experiment 1 showed that pleasantness ratings of word lists were biased by the presentation position of a negative item and by how easy the negative information was to retrieve. Experiment 2 ruled out the hypothesis that these findings were due to the dual nature of the task called upon. Experiment 3 further manipulated the memorability of the negative items - and corresponding changes in RE were as predicted. Finally, Experiment 4 extended the findings to more complex stimuli involving event narratives. Overall, the results suggest that assessments were adjusted based on the retrieval of the most readily available information. © 2015 Hogrefe Publishing.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Accessibility, Memory, On-line judgement, Order effects, Retrospective evaluations
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Divisions: UoA Collections > UoA 04: Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Psychology
Depositing User: Yasser Nawaz
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2016 12:13
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2016 12:13
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1797

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