Formal institutions and their role in promoting sustainable land management in Boteti, Botswana

Mulale, K. and Chanda, R. and Perkins, J.S. and Magole, L. and Sebego, R.J. and Atlhopheng, J.R. and Mphinyane, W. and Reed, M.S. (2014) Formal institutions and their role in promoting sustainable land management in Boteti, Botswana. Land Degradation and Development, 25 (1). pp. 80-91. ISSN 10853278 (ISSN)

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to discuss the role of existing policies, programmes and legislation in promoting sustainable land management and livelihoods in mid-central Botswana. The paper is based on data from the survey of relevant literature, analysis of policy and legal documents, field observations and a series of stakeholder workshops held in the villages of Mopipi, Mokobaxane and Rakops in Boteti Sub-District between 2008 and 2009. The study's findings indicate that formal land use and rangeland management institutions have influenced the process of environmental change in the study area, mostly in a negative way. Institutional failure and support to the expansion of the livestock sector have promoted overstocking; arable production support has encouraged land clearance in a drought-prone and windy area; whereas protectionist wildlife management has been in conflict with, rather than complementary to, traditional uses of the communal rangelands. The environmental outcomes of all this have been the shrinkage of the Boteti commons, overgrazing, deforestation and wind erosion. The study recommends adoption of a community-based natural resource management strategy, which could simultaneously secure livelihoods and conserve the commons. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Boteti, Commonage, Environmental change, Institutions, Rangelands, Sustainable land management, Boteti, Commonage, Environmental change, Rangelands, Sustainable land managements, Agriculture, Deforestation, Land use, Laws and legislation, Natural resources management, Societies and institutions, Environmental management, community resource management, environmental change, institutional framework, land management, land use, livestock farming, natural resource, policy approach, rangeland, stakeholder, sustainability, wildlife management, Boteti River, Botswana
Subjects: D400 Agriculture
L400 Social Policy
Divisions: UoA Collections > UoA16: Architecture, Built Environment and Planning
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment > Resilient Environments
Depositing User: Yasser Nawaz
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2016 14:20
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2016 14:20
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2007

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