The aerodynamics of running socks: Reality or rhetoric?

Ashford, Robert L. and White, Peter and Indramohan, V. (2011) The aerodynamics of running socks: Reality or rhetoric? Foot, 21 (4). pp. 184-187. ISSN 09582592 (ISSN)

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Aim: The primary objective of this study was to test the aerodynamic properties of a selection of running and general sports socks. Methods and procedures: Eleven pairs of socks were tested in a specially constructed rig which was inserted into a fully calibrated wind tunnel. Wind test speeds included 3, 4, 5, 6, 12 and 45. m/s. Results: There was no significant difference between any of the socks tested for their aerodynamic properties. The drag coefficients calculated for each sock varied proportionally with the Reynolds number. No particular sock was more aerodynamic than any of the socks tested. Conclusion: There is no evidence that a sock that is "aerodynamically designed" will help an athlete go faster. This may be more product rhetoric than reality, and further work is justified if such claims are being made. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number:
December 2011Published
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aerodynamics, Running socks, Wind tunnel, aerodynamics, article, athlete, biomechanics, clothing, dynamics, priority journal, process technology, running, running sock, wind, Air Movements, Clothing, Equipment Design, Humans, Materials Testing, Models, Theoretical, Running
Subjects: CAH01 - medicine and dentistry > CAH01-01 - medicine and dentistry > CAH01-01-01 - medical sciences (non-specific)
CAH03 - biological and sport sciences > CAH03-02 - sport and exercise sciences > CAH03-02-01 - sport and exercise sciences
CAH10 - engineering and technology > CAH10-01 - engineering > CAH10-01-10 - others in engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Hussen Farooq
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2017 12:00
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2022 15:38

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