Student intentions to become self-employed: The Ukrainian context

Solesvik, M.Z. and Westhead, P. and Kolvereid, L. and Matlay, H. (2012) Student intentions to become self-employed: The Ukrainian context. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 19 (3). pp. 441-460. ISSN 14626004 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Purpose: This paper aims to explore whether an integrated conceptual model (ICM) relating to factors drawn from entrepreneurial event theory (EET) (i.e. perceived desirability and perceived feasibility) and the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) (i.e. attitudes toward the behaviour, subjective norm and perceived behavioural control) explains more of the variance relating to the intention to become an entrepreneur than individual EET or TPB models. Design/methodology/approach: Survey information from 192 students from three universities in the Ukraine was hand collected. Structural equation modelling was used to test the hypotheses presented. Findings: Models relating to EET, the TPB and the ICM explained 40 per cent, 55 per cent and 60 per cent of the variance in the entrepreneurial intention dependent variable, respectively. Students reporting higher levels of perceived desirability, perceived feasibility, attitude toward the behaviour (i.e. enterprise) and perceived behavioural control were more likely to report the formation of entrepreneurial intentions. No significant negative interaction effect between perceived desirability and perceived feasibility was detected. Research limitations/implications: The study does not evaluate the benefits of enterprise modules. The results can be generalised to the Ukraine and comparable transition economy contexts. Practical implications: The formation of entrepreneurial intentions in more students could be increased if enterprise teaching seeks to nurture higher levels of attitude toward the behaviour (i.e. enterprise), and higher levels of perceived behavioural control. Originality/value: Structural equation modelling was used to test the predictive accuracy of EET, TPB and ICM perspectives. Direct and indirect effects between factors and the intention to become an entrepreneur were considered. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Enterprise education, Entrepreneurial event theory, Entrepreneurial intentions, Self-employed workers, Structural equation modelling, Students, Theory of planned behaviour, Ukraine
Subjects: N100 Business studies
Divisions: UoA Collections > UoA19: Business and Management Studies
Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > Birmingham City Business School > Dept. Management, HR and Enterprise
Depositing User: Hussen Farooq
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2017 14:15
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2017 14:15
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/2252

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