Pretreatment techniques used in biogas production from grass

Rodriguez, Cristina and Alaswad, Abed and Benyounis, K. and Olabi, A.G. (2017) Pretreatment techniques used in biogas production from grass. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. ISSN 1364-0321 (In Press)

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Abstract

Grass is being considered as a potential feedstock for biogas production, due to its low water consumption compared to other crops, and the fact that it can be cultivated in non-arable lands, avoiding the direct competition with food crops. However, biogas production is limited by the characteristics of the feedstock; in particular its complex lignocellulosic structure. Hence, different pretreatment methods are being investigated for grass structure disruption before undergoing the anaerobic digestion process. The aim of this paper is to review current knowledge on pretreatment techniques used for grassland biomass. Pretreatment techniques were categorized into mechanical, microwave, thermal, chemical and biological groups. The effect of the application of each studied methods on the biogas yield and on the energy balance is discussed. A further comparison between the covered techniques was revealed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biogas Grass Pretreatment Anaerobic digestion Renewableenergy
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment > Advanced Design Engineering
UoA Collections > UoA15: General Engineering
Depositing User: $ Ian McDonald
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2016 15:58
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2017 14:23
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3695

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