Technologies and developments of third generation biofuel production

Alaswad, A. and Dassisti, M. and Prescott, T. and Olabi, A.G. (2015) Technologies and developments of third generation biofuel production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 51. pp. 1446-1460. ISSN 1364-0321

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Abstract

Many authorities have reached the conclusion that using fossil fuels, as the main source of energy to satisfy the increasing global energy demand, is ultimately unsustainable. This is because of depleting resources, and also because, if this approach is followed, emissions of carbon dioxide would continue to build up. Consequently, research on biofuel, that is fuel made from biomass, derived from materials that were recently living, has attracted attention. In this context, the generation of biofuels from algae shows promise for the following reasons. The algae can be grown quickly, all the materials produced are non-toxic and biodegradable, and during this growth there is an opportunity to cause greenhouse gas fixation. Also, since growing algae does not need arable land, it can be grown without competing with food or feed crops, the fuel derived from it being a “third generation” biofuel.

This paper describes different types of algae (microalgae and seaweeds), and presents different technologies employed in making biofuels (biogas and biodiesel) from them.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment > Advanced Design Engineering
UoA Collections > UoA15: General Engineering
Depositing User: $ Ian McDonald
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2016 16:04
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2017 14:09
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3696

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