Power output and efficiency of beta-emitting microspheres

Cheneler, David and Ward, M. (2015) Power output and efficiency of beta-emitting microspheres. Radiation PhysicsandChemistry, 106. pp. 204-212. ISSN 0969-806X

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Abstract

Current standard methods to calculate the dose of radiation emitted during medical applications by beta-minus emitting microspheres rely on an over-simplistic formalism. This formalism is a function of the average activity of the radioisotope used and the physiological dimensions of the patient only. It neglects the variation in energy of the emitted beta particle due to self-attenuation, or self-absorption, effects related to the finite size of the sphere. Here it is assumed the sphere is comprised of a pure radioisotope with beta particles being emitted isotropically throughout the material. The full initial possible kinetic energy distribution of a beta particle is taken into account as well as the energy losses due to scattering by other atoms in the microsphere and bremsstrahlung radiation. By combining Longmire’s theory of the mean forward range of charged particles and the Rayleigh distribution to take into account the statistical nature of scattering and energy straggling, the linear attenuation, or self-absorption, coefficient for beta-emitting radioisotopes has been deduced. By analogy with gamma radiation transport in spheres, this result was used to calculate the rate of energy emitted by a beta-emitting microsphere and its efficiency. Comparisons to standard point dose kernel formulations generated using Monte Carlo data show the efficacy of the proposed method. Yttrium-90 is used as a specific example throughout, as a medically significant radioisotope, frequently used in radiation therapy for treating cancer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Self-absorption; Beta-decay; Dosimetry; Y-90; Microspheres; Mass attenuation
Subjects: H100 General Engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment > Advanced Systems Engineering
UoA Collections > UoA15: General Engineering
Depositing User: $ Ian McDonald
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2017 11:22
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2017 11:22
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3749

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