High Volume Fly Ash Concrete: The Practical Impact of Using Superabundant Dose of High Range Water Reducer

Alaka, Hafiz and Oyedele, L.O. (2016) High Volume Fly Ash Concrete: The Practical Impact of Using Superabundant Dose of High Range Water Reducer. Journal of Building Engineering, 8. pp. 81-90. ISSN 2352-7102

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Abstract

The practice of using extraordinarily low water/binder ratio for high volume fly ash (HVFA) concrete mixes in order to realize adequate early strength is prevalent. Generally, superabundant dose of high range water reducer
(i.e. superplasticizer) is required to make such mixes workable. The relationship between superabundant superplasticizer dose and various HVFA concrete properties is thus examined in this research work. Three groups of HVFA concrete mixes were designed for this purpose. Each group consisted of 3 mixes. Except for superplasticizer dose, the proportion of materials in the three group 1 mixes were the same, each mix containing 50% fly ash as replacement for cement. Of the three mixes, one contained maximum superplasticizer dose at 2% of binder by mass, the second contained superabundant dose at 3% while the third contained 4% dose. Group 2
and 3 mixes were similar to those of group 1 except that they contained 60% and 65% fly ash content respectively. Fresh concrete tests performed on the mixes included flow table and slump tests. Mechanical tests
included compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, flexural strength and wear resistance tests. The outcome of the tests revealed that superabundant superplasticizer doses helped to obtain relatively lower water/
binder ratios with good workability; led to reduction in wear/abrasion resistance; and had no observable relationship, beneficial or adverse, with the compressive, splitting tensile and flexural strengths of the HVFA
concrete mixes. Increase in fly ash content was also noted to beget reduction in wear/abrasion resistance. In addition, the outcome indicated that increase in compressive strength does not necessarily translate to
improved abrasion or wear resistance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: High volume fly ash concrete Superplasticizer dose Compressive strength Splitting tensile strength Flexural strength Abrasion/wear resistance
Subjects: K200 Building
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment > Integrated Design Construction
UoA Collections > UoA16: Architecture, Built Environment and Planning
Depositing User: Oana-Andreea Dumitrascu
Date Deposited: 18 May 2017 06:39
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2017 07:39
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4465

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