‘I Will Blow Your Face OFF’—VIRTUAL and Physical World Anti-muslim Hate Crime

Imran, Awan and Irene, Zempi (2015) ‘I Will Blow Your Face OFF’—VIRTUAL and Physical World Anti-muslim Hate Crime. The British Journal of Criminology, 57 (2). pp. 362-380. ISSN 10.1093/bjc/azv122

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Abstract

Anti-Muslim hate crime is usually viewed in the prism of physical attacks; however, it also occurs in a cyber context, and this reality has considerable consequences for victims. In seeking to help improve our understanding of anti-Muslim hate crime, this article draws on the findings from a project that involved qualitative interviews with Muslim men and women who experienced both virtual and physical world anti-Muslim hate, and reported their experiences to the British government-funded service Tell Measuring Anti-Muslim Attacks. In doing so, this article sets out the first ever study to examine the nature, determinants and impacts of both virtual and physical world anti-Muslim hate crime upon Muslim men and women in the United Kingdom. Correspondingly, we found that victims of both virtual and physical world anti-Muslim hate crime are likely to suffer from emotional stress, anxiety and fear of cyber threats materializing in the ‘real world’.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L200 Politics
L300 Sociology
L400 Social Policy
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Criminology and Sociology
Depositing User: Imran Awan
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2017 09:45
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2017 09:45
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5384

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