From craft to technology: prints' progress in the twentieth century

Archer, Caroline (2019) From craft to technology: prints' progress in the twentieth century. Peter Lang Ltd, Oxford. (Submitted)

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The purpose of this volume is to bring together scholars working in the areas of twentieth century the printing history. This is an under represented area, despite the period being one where industry underwent considerable change as it shifted from a craft-based trade to a technology-led profession, largely as a result of three major revolutions. In the composing room there was a move from hand- to machine composition followed by photo-setting and finally digital means of letter assembly; while in the press room printers experienced a shift from letterpress to off-set lithography and latterly digital methods of production. These revolutions initiated both organizational and structural changes: compositors moved out of the printing office and re-located to trade typesetting houses; printers concentrated wholly on graphic reproduction and presswork; whilst design was undertaken by professional typographers working in private practice, remote from the trade typesetters or printing office. Change brought new methods of management into the industry and old grievances surfaced which often resulted in unrest, marking the twentieth century as an era of industrial disputes with the rise and demise of the print unions. Education and training were seen as necessary in the management of change, with the advent of formal education for printers and the emergence of school-trained professional typographic designers who assumed a defined and prominent role in the preparation of printed products, which showcased typographic trends and new modes of graphic communication. Collectively the chapter bring fresh perspectives to printing history in the twentieth century and fulfil a need to bring together under one volume scholars working in this specialist area of printing history.

Item Type: Book
Subjects: P400 Publishing
V100 History by period
V200 History by area
V300 History by topic
W200 Design studies
W900 Others in Creative Arts and Design
Divisions: Faculty of Arts, Design and Media > School of Visual Communication
Depositing User: Caroline Archer
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2018 10:03
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2018 10:03

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