Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors among Employees and Their Families of a Saudi University: An Epidemiological Study

Ali, Raghib and Alzeidan, Rasmieh and Rabiee-Khan, Fatemeh and Mandil, Ahmed and Hersi, Ahmad and Fayed, Amel (2016) Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors among Employees and Their Families of a Saudi University: An Epidemiological Study. PLOS ONE, 11 (11). e0165036. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Objectives:To assess the prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors among Saudi university employees and their families; to estimate the cardiovascular risk (CVR) amongst the study population in the following 10years.

Methods:The NCD risk factors prevalence was estimated using a cross-sectional approach for a sample of employees and their families aged ≥ 18 years old, in a Saudi university (Riyadh in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; KSA). WHO STEPwise standardized tools were used to estimate NCD risk factors and the Framingham Coronary Heart Risk Score calculator was used to calculate the CVR.

Results:Five thousand and two hundred subjects were invited, of whom 4,500 participated in the study, providing a response rate of 87%. The mean age of participants was 39.3±13.4 years. The majority of participants reported low fruit/vegetables consumption (88%), and physically inactive (77%). More than two thirds of the cohort was found to be either overweight or obese (72%), where 36% were obese, and 59% had abdominal obesity. Of the total cohort, 22–37% were found to suffer from dyslipidaemia, 22% either diabetes or hypertension, with rather low reported current tobacco use (12%). One quarter of participants was estimated to have >10% risk to develop cardiovascular disease within the following 10-years.

Conclusion:The prevalence of NCD risk factors was found to be substantially high among the university employees and their families in this study.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: A300 Clinical Medicine
B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences > Centre for Social Care, Health and Related Research (C-SHARR) > Health and Wellbeing
Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences > School of Health Sciences
UoA Collections > UoA 02: Public Health, Health Services and Primary Care
Depositing User: Prof Fatemeh Rabiee-Khan
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2018 09:42
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2018 15:15
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5458

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