Offender and Offence Characteristics of School Shooting Incidents

Gerard, F.J. and Whitfield, K.C. and Porter, L.E. and Browne, K.D. (2016) Offender and Offence Characteristics of School Shooting Incidents. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 13 (1). pp. 22-38. ISSN 15444759 (ISSN)

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Abstract

School shootings are a concern due to their impact in the local community. This paper aimed to (a) establish frequent characteristics of the offender and offence, (b) explore the differences between offenders who are over the age of 18 years and those who are younger, and (c) consider the underlying themes of the offence characteristics. Data were collected on 28 cases through accessing resources such as West Law and case studies. The majority of the offenders were Caucasian and US citizens and suffered from depression. Their offences were primarily well planned, involved more than three deaths, and resulted in the offender committing suicide. Pearson's chi-square test and Fisher's exact test identified significant differences between the two age groups. Offenders who were 18 years of age or under were more likely to experience depression, be US citizens and be linked to the school. Additionally, offenders who were 18 years of age or under were more likely to have stolen their weapons and made threats prior to the incident. Smallest space analysis revealed four thematic regions in relation to the offence characteristics: making an impact, delivering a message, doing unrestrained activity, and targeting specific individuals. These findings have implications for risk assessment and furthering understanding. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/jip.1439
Dates:
DateEvent
25 March 2015Published Online
1 January 2016Published
Uncontrolled Keywords: Juvenile, Multidimensional scaling, Offence characteristics, School shooting, School violence
Subjects: CAH15 - social sciences > CAH15-01 - sociology, social policy and anthropology > CAH15-01-01 - social sciences (non-specific)
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Psychology
Depositing User: Users 18 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2016 11:25
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2022 15:42
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/548

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