Determinants of Infant Mortality in Older ASEAN Economies

Subramaniam, Thirunaukarasu and Loganathan, Nanthakumar and Yerushalmi, Erez and Devadason, Evelyn Shyamala and Majid, Mazlan (2018) Determinants of Infant Mortality in Older ASEAN Economies. Social Indicators Research, 136 (1). pp. 397-415.

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Abstract

Infant mortality in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has been declining, yet disparities remain between the nations. This paper therefore explores the determinants of infant mortality in the older ASEAN-4 economies, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines using an Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Error Correction Model framework. The key findings of the study are: First, there is evidence of long-run relationships among infant mortality, education, female fertility, income and access to healthcare. Second, the determinants of infant mortality vary between countries. Female fertility emerged as the main determinant of infant mortality in Malaysia, while access to healthcare matter for infant mortality in Indonesia, and to a lesser extent for the Philippines. The income effect is significant for reducing infant mortality in Malaysia, while female education is important for Indonesia and Thailand. Third, the speed of adjustment of infant mortality rate is comparatively low in ASEAN-4.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ASEAN; Infant mortality; Female fertility; Female education; Income; Healthcare
Subjects: L100 Economics
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > Birmingham City Business School > Dept. Accountancy and Finance
Depositing User: Erez Yerushalmi
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2018 14:39
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2018 14:39
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5684

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