Astaxanthin in Exercise Metabolism, Performance and Recovery: A Review.

Brown, Daniel R and Gough, Lewis A and Deb, Sanjoy K and Sparks, S Andy and McNaughton, Lars R (2018) Astaxanthin in Exercise Metabolism, Performance and Recovery: A Review. Frontiers in nutrition, 4. p. 76. ISSN 2296-861X

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Abstract

During periods of heavy exercise training and competition, lipid, protein, and nucleic molecules can become damaged due to an overproduction of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) within the exercising organism. As antioxidants can prevent and delay cellular oxidative damage through removing, deactivating, and preventing the formation of RONS, supplementation with exogenous antioxidant compounds has become a commercialized nutritional strategy commonly adopted by recreationally active individuals and athletes. The following review is written as a critical appraisal of the current literature surrounding astaxanthin and its potential application as a dietary supplement in exercising humans. Astaxanthin is a lipid-soluble antioxidant carotenoid available to supplement through the intake of -derived antioxidant products. Based upon and research conducted in mice exercise models, evidence would suggest that astaxanthin supplementation could potentially improve indices of exercise metabolism, performance, and recovery because of its potent antioxidant capacity. In exercising humans, however, these observations have yet to be consistently realized, with equivocal data reported. Implicated, in part, by the scarcity of well-controlled, scientifically rigorous research, future investigation is necessary to enable a more robust conclusion in regard to the efficacy of astaxanthin supplementation and its potential role in substrate utilization, endurance performance, and acute recovery in exercising humans.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
B400 Nutrition
C600 Sports Science
Divisions: Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences > School of Health Sciences
UoA Collections > REF2021 UoA24: Sport and Exercise Sciences, Leisure and Tourism
Depositing User: Lewis Gough
Date Deposited: 24 May 2018 10:22
Last Modified: 24 May 2018 10:22
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5939

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