Comparative LCA technology improvement opportunities for a 1.5 MW wind turbine in the context of an offshore wind farm

Ozoemena, M and Cheung, W.M. and Hasan, Reaz (2017) Comparative LCA technology improvement opportunities for a 1.5 MW wind turbine in the context of an offshore wind farm. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 20 (1). pp. 173-190. ISSN 1618-954X

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Abstract

Wind energy is playing an increasingly important role in the development of cleaner and more efficient energy technologies leading to projections in reliability and performance of future wind turbine designs. This paper presents life cycle assessment (LCA) results of design variations for a 1.5 MW wind turbine due to the potential for advances in technology to improve the performance of a 1.5 MW wind turbine. Five LCAs have been conducted for design variants of a 1.5 MW wind turbine. The objective is to evaluate potential environmental impacts per kilowatt hour of electricity generated for a 114 MW onshore wind farm. Results for the baseline turbine show that higher contributions to impacts were obtained in the categories Ozone Depletion Potential, Marine Aquatic Eco-toxicity Potential, Human Toxicity Potential and Terrestrial Eco-toxicity Potential compared to Technology Improvement Opportunities (TIOs) 1 to 4. Compared to the baseline turbine, TIO 1 showed increased impact contributions to Abiotic Depletion Potential, Acidification Potential, Eutrophication Potential, Global Warming Potential and Photochemical Ozone Creation Potential, and TIO 2 showed an increase in contributions to Abiotic Depletion Potential, Acidification Potential and Global Warming Potential. Additionally, lower contributions to all the environmental categories were observed for TIO 3 while increased contributions towards Abiotic Depletion Potential and Global Warming Potential were noted for TIO 4. A comparative LCA study of wind turbine design variations for a particular power rating has not been explored in the literature. This study presents new insight into the environmental implications related with projected wind turbine design advancements.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1.5-MW wind turbine, LCA Technology improvement opportunities, Wind farm, Electricity production, Potential technology advancements
Subjects: H100 General Engineering
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Divisions: REF UoA Output Collections > REF 2021 UoA12: Engineering
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
Depositing User: Euan Scott
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2018 09:23
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2018 09:23
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6653

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