Original Climax Films: historicizing the British hardcore pornography film business

Carter, Oliver (2018) Original Climax Films: historicizing the British hardcore pornography film business. Porn Studies, 5 (4). pp. 411-425.

This is the latest version of this item.

[img]
Preview
Text
Original Climax Films - Oliver Carter FINAL.pdf

Download (367kB)

Abstract

This article presents findings from my research into the British hardcore pornography business. Porn studies has given little coverage to the British pornography business, with much of the academic literature focusing on the American adult entertainment industry. Recently, there has been a rising interest in the historical framework of porn cinemas both in popular culture and in academic work. This article contributes to this debate, taking both a cultural and an economic approach to explore the conditions that led to the emergence of British hardcore production as an alternative economy in the 1960s. In this economy, entrepreneurs make use of new technologies to produce artefacts that are exchanged for an economic benefit, while circumventing laws to distribute their artefacts. To historicize this economy, I draw on ethnohistorical research, which includes interviews with people involved in the British hardcore business and archival research. I argue that a combination of glamour filmmaking, a relaxation of political and cultural attitudes towards sexuality, the location of Soho, London, and emerging technologies for producing films collectively contribute to the emergence of an alternative economy of British hardcore production. I focus specifically on the practices of two entrepreneurs within this economy, Ivor Cook and Mike Freeman, considering how their actions inadvertently created the British hardcore film business, and played a significant role in the development of hardcore production outside of the United Kingdom.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: British pornography; ethnohistory; political economy; enterprise; technology
Subjects: P300 Media studies
Divisions: Faculty of Arts, Design and Media > Centre for Media and Cultural Research
REF UoA Output Collections > REF2021 UoA34: Communication, Cultural and Media Studies, Library and Information Management
Depositing User: Oliver Carter
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2019 06:19
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2019 10:35
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6915

Available Versions of this Item

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Research

In this section...