The development and evaluation of an analytical framework to explore student nurses’ cultural beliefs of dementia

Ojo, Omorogieva and Brooke, Joanne and Cronin, Camille (2020) The development and evaluation of an analytical framework to explore student nurses’ cultural beliefs of dementia. Journal of Research in Nursing, 28 (2). e81. ISSN 1744-9871

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Abstract

People diagnosed with dementia need culturally sensitive person-centred care in order to promote their health and wellbeing. Therefore, healthcare professionals should be able to provide culturally competent care, of which an element is understanding their own cultural heritage and how this impacts on their beliefs regarding dementia. This is essential as cultural norms and values provide meanings and understanding of chronic conditions such as dementia. The current study explored student nurses’ cultural beliefs of dementia through the completion of focus groups, which generated a large amount of data. The analysis of this large qualitative data set required structure and a framework.
Aim: To develop and evaluate an analytical framework to explore student nurses’ cultural beliefs of dementia from an international perspective.
Methods: Focus groups with student nurses from five Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) in England, the Philippines, Slovenia and New Zealand were completed, audio-taped and transcribed verbatim. The qualitative data was analysed following a review of the framework method of analysis as described by Gale et al (2013). Data from the focus groups conducted at two HEIs in England were analysed, which encompassed synthesising, refining and agreeing on the codes, categories/themes established separately by the four researchers. The analytical framework developed was then tested on the qualitative data obtained from focus group interviews conducted in Slovenia, the Philippines and New Zealand.
Results: The results are presented in three parts; the cultural analytical framework, the process of developing the initial categories/themes and the final themes that emerged from the data obtained from the focus groups.
Conclusion: A analytical framework can be developed and used to understand the cultural values and beliefs of student nurses regarding dementia across three continents.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1097/JNR.0000000000000343
Date: 1 April 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: framework analysis, dementia, culture, student nurses, qualitative analysis
Subjects: B700 Nursing
Divisions: REF UoA Output Collections > REF2021 UoA 03: Allied Health Professions, Dentistry, Nursing & Pharmacy
Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences > School of Nursing and Midwifery
Depositing User: Joanne Brooke
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2019 09:52
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2020 13:12
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7103

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