The Impact of Infrastructure Development on Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa with Special Focus on Ghana

Owusu-Manu, D.-G. and Jehuri, A. and Edwards, D.J. and Boateng, F. and Asumadu, G. (2019) The Impact of Infrastructure Development on Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa with Special Focus on Ghana. Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction. ISSN 1366-4387

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Abstract

Purpose- This research seeks to assess the impact of infrastructure development on Ghana’s
economic growth.

Design/methodology/approach- Using data obtained from the World Bank’s World
Development Indicators, the United States’ (US) International Energy Statistics and the Central
Intelligence Agency’s (CIA) Factbooks from 1980 to 2016, an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) framework is used to determine the long and short run impact of the selected infrastructure stock and quality indices on Ghana’s economic growth.

Findings- Findings indicate a statistically significant relationship between infrastructure development and economic growth. Additionally, electricity generating capacity is identified as the infrastructure stock index that has the greatest positive impact on Ghana’s economic
growth. The study reveals that electricity distribution loss has a significant negative effect over both long- and short-run periods.

Practical implications- The research provides pragmatic guidance to policy makers to focus efforts upon expanding electricity generating capacity while simultaneously taking steps to curb electricity transmission and distribution losses. These two related actions offer the greatest
positive impact upon infrastructure development and as a consequence, Ghana’s economic growth.

Originality/value- This paper represents the first attempt to empirically study the relationship between infrastructure development and Ghana’s economic growth. A key contribution to the existing body of knowledge includes strong evidence of a positive effect of infrastructure
development upon Ghana’s economic growth. Results also reveal that the greatest positive impact upon economic growth is derived from electricity generation capacity. However, the study also uncovers a negative, but statistically significant, relationship between road and
economic growth.

Research Limitations- Commercial petroleum export from Ghana since 2010 has been a key contributor to economic growth. Although its aggregate effect is included in the annual GDP figures adopted for the study, the authors would have wished to assess its impact on GDP as
an independent standard growth determinant. However, because of a lack of available data over
this study period, petroleum exports could not be adopted as an independent standard growth
determinant. Additionally, an aggregated index of infrastructure stock and quality could not be
derived due to the small size of data available. Hence, this study did not assess its impact upon
Ghana’s economic growth.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Infrastructure development, economic growth, autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL), electricity generating capacity, electricity distribution losses.
Subjects: K900 Others in Architecture, Building and Planning
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
REF UoA Output Collections > REF2021 UoA13: Architecture, Built Environment and Planning
Depositing User: Euan Scott
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2019 15:18
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2019 15:05
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7358

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