A Template for Enhancing the Impact of the National Academy of Sciences' Reporting on Forensic Science

Shooter, Amelia and Cooper, Sarah Lucy (2019) A Template for Enhancing the Impact of the National Academy of Sciences' Reporting on Forensic Science. British Journal of American Legal Studies. ISSN 2049-4092 (Submitted)

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Abstract

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS), established in 1863, is the United States’ leading science and technology think-tank, with an active commitment to advising government. Over the last 150 years, the NAS has, both independently and in conjunction with the federal gov- ernment, investigated and reported on various issues of importance, ranging from space ex- ploration and biosecurity, to STEM education and immigration. Due to growing concerns about particular disciplines (and specifically their application in legal proceedings), one issue the NAS has reported on between 1992 and 2009 is forensic science. Specifically, the NAS has published six reports commenting on the status of forensic science evidence in the USA, namely DNA Technology in Forensic Science (1992), The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evi- dence (1996), The Polygraph and Lie Detection (2003), Forensic Analysis: Weighing Bullet Lead Evidence (2004), Ballistic Imaging (2008), and Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward (2009). The response of stakeholders (including from politi- cal, legal, and academic spheres) to these reports has varied, ranging from shifts in practice and full acknowledgement, to considerable struggles to effectuate systemic reform. Using the different experiences of two reports - Forensic Analysis: Weighing Bullet Lead Evidence (2004) and Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward (2009) - as a vehicle, this article suggests how the NAS can strengthen the impact of its forensic science reporting, and how stakeholders can better harness the expertise of the NAS.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: M100 Law by area
M200 Law by Topic
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Law
Depositing User: Sarah Cooper
Date Deposited: 08 May 2019 09:43
Last Modified: 08 May 2019 09:43
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7420

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