Organ improvisation in the Anglican cathedral tradition: a portfolio of professional practice with contextual and critical commentary

Krippner, Ronny (2018) Organ improvisation in the Anglican cathedral tradition: a portfolio of professional practice with contextual and critical commentary. Doctoral thesis, Birmingham City University.

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 1 Edward Bairstow Improvisation at the Enthronement Ceremony of Archbishop Cyril Forster Garbett 1942.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 2 Willan_ Postlude At Evensong (1967).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 3 Healey Willan Improvised Prelude on 'Lasst Uns Erfreuen' after High Mass 1966.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 4 Thalben-Ball_ Impro O Emanuel 1980 - Temple Church.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 5 Marshall_ Extemporisation Westminster Abbey (1984) - Lincoln Cathedral.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 6 Roy Massey - Improvised Gospel Fanfare during Sunday Eucharist (1992) Hereford Cathedral.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 7 Massey_ Improvised Postlude during Sunday Eucharist (1992) Hereford.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 9 Farrell_ Prelude to Mattins - Rochester Cath (1999).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 8 Baker Postlude after Evensong - W. Abbey BBC3 Choral Evensong (Dec 1996).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 10 Noon_ Prelude to Evensong - Canterbury Cath (1999).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 11 Unknown Prelude to Evensong St John's Camb (2002).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 12 Improvised Introduction to God rest you merry gentleman 1961.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 13 Roy Massey - Hymn introduction & Hymn (Hereford 1992).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 15 Improvisation in style of Handel (2009) BBC3 Choral Evensong.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 16 Sixty-Second Organ Improvisation [St George's Hanover Square].wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 14 Andrew Millington Psalm 93 + 94 Exeter Cathedral (2005).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 18 Thalben-Ball from Pax Vobiscum [Temple Church1].wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 1 [Compilation] Track 17 Thalben-Ball Es ist ein Ros enstprungen 1980 - Temple Church.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 1 Ceremonial March.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 2 Verse 1 Point ('Tallis').wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 3 Verse 2 Chant (William Morgan, tenor).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 4 Verse 3 Organ ('Tallis').wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 5 Verse 4 Chant (William Morgan, tenor).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 6 Verse 5 Organ ('Tallis').wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 7 Fantasia In The Style Of Byrd.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 8 Trumpet Tune ('Purcell').wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 9 Divisions Upon A Ground ('Purcell').wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 10 Double Voluntary ('Purcell').wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 12 Organ Concerto_ B. Allegro.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 14 Organ Concerto Allegro Fugue.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 16 Victorian Sonata Andante Religioso.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 15 Victorian Sonata Allegro (Sonata Form).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 17 Victorian Sonata Toccata.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 18 Theme and Variations (based on a theme by F. J. Sawyer).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 20 Paean In The Style Of Britten.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 19 Master Howells Testament 1.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 21 March In The Style of Mathias.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 22 Ostinato In The Style Of Leighton.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 23 'Changes' Improvisation For Organ And Percussion.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England] Track 11 Organ Concerto_ A. Ouverture 1.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 1 Böhmisches Orgelkonzert I. Allegro moderato (Improvisation).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 2 Böhmisches Orgelkonzert II. Adagio Pastorale (Improvisation).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 6 Praeludium C-Dur (J. F. N. Seger).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 7 Fugue in C major (J. F. N. Seger).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 8 Praeludium e-Moll (J. F. N. Seger).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 09 Fuga F-Moll (J. F. N. Seger).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 10 Praeludium et Fuga D-Dur (J. F. N. Seger).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 11 Ariadne Musica_ Praeludium et Fuga I (J. C. F. Fischer).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 12 Ariadne Musica_ Praeludium et Fuga IV (J. C. F. Fischer).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 13 Ariadne Musica_ Praeludium et Fuga XII (J. C. F. Fischer).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track14 Ariadne Musica_ Praeludium et Fuga XIV (J. C. F. Fischer).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 16 Ariadne Musica Praeludium et Fuga XIX (J. C. F. Fischer).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 17 Ariadne Musica Praeludium et Fuga XX (J. C. F. Fischer).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 18 Heilig bist du, großer Gott (Improvisation à F. J. Habermann).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 19 Track Am Ölberg in nächtlicher Stille (Improvisation à F. J. Habermann).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 20 Ave Maria zart (Improvisation à F. J. Habermann).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 22 Paraphrase on ‘Herr nun lessestu deinen Diener‘.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 23 Paraphrase on Neun Stück sindt die ich in meinem Herzen by Johannes Hagius Redwitzensis (Improvisation).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 21 Variationen über die Motette _Opressit reducem_ von Jobst vom Brandt (Improvisation).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 3 [Ex Tempore - The Art of Organ Improvisation in England ] Track 13 Organ Concerto_ C. Adagio 1.wav - Supplemental Material

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Krippner Ronny Thesis.pdf - Published Version

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 3 Böhmisches Orgelkonzer III Allegro (Improvisation).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 4 Suite No. I (J. C. F. Fischer).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 5 Suite No. IV (J. C. F. Fischer).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 4 [Organ Music from Bohemia] Track 15 Ariadne Musica_ Praeludium et Fuga XV (J. C. F. Fischer).wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 1 Theme by Kerll.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 3 Ave Maris - Theme.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 2 Theme by Patterson.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 4 Ave Maris - Variation I.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 5 Ave Maris - Variation II.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 6 Ave Maris - Variation III.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 7 Ave Maris - Variation IV.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 9 Choral Freu Dich sehr.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 10 Freu Dich sehr Var. I.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 8 Ave Maris - Variation V.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 11 Freu Dich sehr Var. II.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 12 Freu Dich sehr Var. III.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 13 Freu Dich sehr Var. IV.wav - Supplemental Material

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CD 2 [Compilation by Ronny Krippner] Track 13 Freu Dich sehr Var. V.wav - Supplemental Material

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Abstract

This thesis is a practice-based study of organ improvisation in the Anglican cathedral tradition in the UK. I combine exercises in the practice of improvisation in a number of musical styles associated with Anglican Church music, with documentary and sonic evidence of improvisation in this tradition, and interviews with some key practising improvisers. Context for this study is further provided by a comparative study of the very different improvisation practices prevalent in Germany and France.
In Part 1, Chapter 1, I first identify the French and German traditions of liturgical organ improvisation, from the perspectives of stylistic development, liturgical and pragmatic demands on organists and characteristic types of organ. Chapter 2 outlines the stylistic development of Anglican voluntary improvisations, whilst considering improvisatory aspects in Anglican hymn playing and psalm accompaniment. These comparisons enable me to define certain characteristic features of Anglican liturgical improvisation. Chapter 3 consults sonic evidence of Anglican organ improvisation and elucidates important influences on the development of Anglican liturgical organ improvisation from the later nineteenth century to the present. The conclusions to Part 1 suggest that a distinct Anglican tradition of liturgical organ improvisation does indeed exist. Whilst there are significant differences in the expectation and demands of the organists between Anglican and continental traditions, there are nonetheless many opportunities in Anglican worship where the discipline of stylistic improvisation could beneficially be applied. I conclude that organists in the Anglican tradition could benefit a great deal from the practice of stylistic improvisation.
Part 2 introduces and explains my methods in developing and realising stylistic improvisation using models from the historical traditions of Anglican church music (from Tallis to Mathias). The attached DVD is a means of recording, assessing and disseminating this new-found knowledge. Chapter 4 discusses my own processes in developing and executing historical stylistic improvisation. Chapter 5 presents a portfolio of my own professional practice, which includes the DVD project, in which I apply the continental approach of stylistic improvisation to the Anglican tradition by identifying key formulae and performing improvisations in the style of English organ composers. Whilst some Anglican organists in the UK have been influenced by continental traditions, the lack of extensive formal training in stylistic improvisation in the UK can be compensated by systematic study of composers’ styles and the regular practice of improvisation in these styles within Anglican worship.
This is not primarily a historical study of improvisation, but a critical and contextualised examination of improvisation practices in the Anglican tradition since the late nineteenth century, and a practice-based testing of the potential of applying continental methods of preparing and executing stylistic improvisation to the Anglican context as a means of strengthening and enlivening its efficacy. I thus debate questions of value and functionality, finding much of value both in the Anglican tradition of free, modal improvisation, and in the disciplined approaches of French and particularly German improvisers. I note the pedagogical implications of my research, arguing that organ improvisers should develop a consummate musicianship which combines musical disciplines (such as analysis, harmony, counterpoint and aural training) in the act of improvising as opposed to the compartmentalised approach of teaching these disciplines presently the norm in UK colleges and conservatoires. In a series of appendices, I show the responses of fifteen British organists in a survey on ‘Organ Improvisation in the UK’. Furthermore, I present a list of commercially published organ improvisation CDs by British organists, an outline of English tutor books on organ improvisation, a transcription of my improvised Ceremonial March from CD 3, track 1, a list of all the reviews of my DVD/CD Ex Tempore, as well as handwritten notes on Anglican improvisation by Martin How, together with other miscellaneous documents.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Date: April 2018
Uncontrolled Keywords: Organ Improvisation, Anglican cathedral, Ronny Krippner, David Briggs, Martin Baker, Herbert Howells, William Mathias, Thomas Tallis, William Byrd, Charles Villiers Stanford, Henry Purcell, John Stanley, George Frideric Handel, Thomas Morley, Pierre Cochereau, Charles Tournemire, César Franck, Louis Vierne, Frank Joseph Sawyer, Peter Planyavsky, Franz Josef Stoiber, Eberhard Kraus, Hans Fidom, Hans Haselböck, Herbert Brewer, Walter Alcock, Frederick Bridge, Samuel Sebastian Wesley, Alfred Hollins, Martin How, RTA, Real Time Analysis, St Albans Organ Competition, Haarlem Organ Competition, John Stainer, Aaron Berkowitz, Carl Czerny, Markus Schwenkreis, Schola Cantorum Basel, Orgelpark, Blumenlese, Svein Erik Tandberg, Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra, Karin Johansson, Jakob Adlung, Max Reger, Egerland, Böhmen, Jane Flynn, Donald Grice, Paul Patterson, Tudor improvisation, Baroque improvisation, Romantic improvisation, Modern improvisation, Neoclassical Music, Fitzwilliam Virginal Book, Jon Laukvik, Fantasia, difficult proportions, Restoration music, historical improvisation, stylistic improvisation, Howells scale, Benjamin Britten, Kenneth Leighton, Olivier Messiaen, Zsolt Gardonyi, alpha chord, Bristol Cathedral, Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral, Kingston Minster, Texttreue, Werktreue, Richard Taruskin, William Porter, Rudolf Lutz, Sietze de Vries, Theodor Adorno, Bohemia, Stylus Phantasticus, Johann Mattheson, George Thalben-Ball, German organ improvisation, French organ improvisation, Anglican organ improvisation, Organ improvisation in England.
Subjects: V600 Theology and Religious studies
W300 Music
Divisions: Faculty of Arts, Design and Media > Royal Birmingham Conservatoire
REF UoA Output Collections > Doctoral Theses Collection
Depositing User: Doris Riou
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2019 15:46
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2019 12:34
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8520

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