Running Through Hurdles: Obstacles in the Access to Justice for Victims of Anti-LGBTI Hate Crimes in Europe

Godzisz, Piotr and Viggiani, Giacomo, eds. (2018) Running Through Hurdles: Obstacles in the Access to Justice for Victims of Anti-LGBTI Hate Crimes in Europe. Lambda Warsaw, Warsaw. ISBN 978-83-950283-8-0

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Abstract

Across the European Union, LGBTI people face discrimination and
violence based on their sexual orientation, gender identity, gender
expression or sex characteristics. Most incidents are not reported
which impedes the possibility to investigate hate crimes and prosecute offenders. The lack of reports renders the problem of anti-LGBTI
hate crimes invisible to the public and may prevent authorities from
acknowledging and addressing the problem. As a result, victims often
suffer in silence and their rights may not be fully respected.
By reviewing the legal and policy frameworks and analyzing the
institutional deficiencies in reporting and recording anti-LGBTI hate
crime and access to victim support in ten EU countries, the report
sheds much needed light on the obstacles to the accessing justice
faced by victims of anti-LGBTI hate crimes in the EU. Specifically, the
report responds to the following key questions: (1) Why is the number of reported anti-LGBTI crimes in Europe so low? (2) What are the
barriers to reporting? (3) How are victims’ rights protected? (4) What
do states do to encourage victims and witnesses to come forward?
(5) How are police, NGOs and support services prepared to deal with
anti-LGBTI hate crimes? (6) What regional differences in the response
to anti-LGBTI hate crime can be observed?
The research underpinning this report represents a core activity
of the two-year project Come Forward: Empowering and Supporting
Victims of Anti-LGBT Hate Crimes, co-financed by the European Commission’s Rights, Equality and Citizenship (2014-2020) program. The
project aims at addressing a common need within the European Union
to increase reporting of homophobic and transphobic hate crimes
through building the capacity of civil society and official partners and
empowering victim communities. It has six objectives:
1. Identify institutional obstacles in the access to justice for victims
of anti-LGBTI hate crime;
2. Assess the training needs of reporting centers and victim support
service providers working with victims of anti-LGBTI hate crime;
3. Increase the number of dedicated front-line reporting centers
by building capacity of civil society organizations and public
institutions;
4. Improve access to specialized support by building the capacity
of victim support service providers;
5. Share good practices, strengthen cross-border and multi-agency
partnerships;
6. Raise awareness and empower victims.

Item Type: Book
Date: 31 December 2018
Uncontrolled Keywords: hate crime, hate speech, homophobia, transphobia, LGBTI
Subjects: L300 Sociology
L700 Human and Social Geography
M100 Law by area
M200 Law by Topic
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Criminology and Sociology
Depositing User: Piotr Godzisz
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2020 12:14
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2020 14:44
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8840

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