Association between ethical leadership, ethical climate and organizational citizenship behavior from nurses' perspective: a descriptive correlational study

Aloustani, Soudabeh and Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, Foroozan and Zagheri-Tafreshi, Mansoureh and Nasiri, Maliheh and Barkhordari-Sharifabad, Maasoumeh and Skerrett, Victoria (2020) Association between ethical leadership, ethical climate and organizational citizenship behavior from nurses' perspective: a descriptive correlational study. BMC Nursing, 19. ISSN 1472-6955

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Abstract

Background:Ethical leadership plays an important role in improving the organizational climate and may be have an effect on citizenship behavior. Despite the growing emphasis on ethics in organizations, little attention to has been given this issue. The purpose of this study was to identify ethical leadership, an ethical climate, and their relationship with organizational citizenship behavior from nurses' perspective. Methods:In this descriptive correlational study, 250 nurses in twelve teaching hospitals in Tehran were selected by multistage sampling during 2016-2017. The data were collected using Ethical Leadership Questionnaire, Hospital Ethical Climate Survey, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior Scale. Results:The findings showed a significant correlation between ethical leadership in managers, organizational citizenship behavior (P = 0.04, r = 0.09) and an ethical climate (P < 0.001, r = 0.65). There was a significant correlation between an ethical climate and nurses' organizational citizenship behavior (P < 0.001, r = 0.61). The regression analysis showed that ethical leadership and an ethical climate is a predictor of organizational citizenship behavior and confirms the relationship between the variables. Conclusion:Applying an ethical leadership style and creating the necessary conditions for a proper ethical climate in hospitals lead to increased organizational citizenship behavior by staff. To achieve organizational goals, nurse managers can use these concepts to enhance nurses' satisfaction and improve their performance.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From Europe PMC via Jisc Publications Router
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-020-0408-1
Date: 4 March 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate, Ethics, Leadership, Nurse, Citizenship Behavior
Subjects: B700 Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences > School of Health Sciences
SWORD Depositor: JISC PubRouter
Depositing User: JISC PubRouter
Date Deposited: 05 May 2020 15:33
Last Modified: 05 May 2020 15:36
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9117

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