Assessing the burden of nocturia in the workplace: the associations between nocturnal voiding, subjective well-being, work engagement and productivity

Hafner, Marco and Andersson, Fredrik L. and Van Stolk, Christian and Whitmore, Michael and Yerushalmi, Erez and Troxel, Wendy M. (2020) Assessing the burden of nocturia in the workplace: the associations between nocturnal voiding, subjective well-being, work engagement and productivity. Journal of Medical Economics. ISSN 1941-837X

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Abstract

AIMS: Nocturia (getting up at night to urinate, where each urination being followed by sleep or intention to sleep) is a bothersome symptom with potentially negative consequences for individual health and daytime functioning. This study assessed the burden of nocturia in the workplace by investigating associations between nocturia and subjective well-being, work engagement and productivity.

METHODS: Using large-scale international workplace survey data, the associations between nocturia, subjective well-being (SWB), work engagement (Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, UWES-9) and productivity (Work Productivity and Impairment Index, WPAI) were assessed. Bivariate and multivariate regression analysis was used with adjustment for a large set of confounding factors, including sleep duration and sleep quality.

RESULTS: Across a study sample of 92,129 observations, aged 18 to 70, an average of 10% of the survey population reported ≥ 2 nocturnal voids (generally considered clinically significant nocturia), with prevalence of nocturia increasing with age. Individuals with nocturia reported a 35.7% (p<0.001) higher relative sleep disturbance score and were 10.5 percentage points (p<0.001) more likely to report short sleep. Adjusted for covariates, nocturia was associated with a 3.5% (p<0.001) lower relative SWB score and a 2% (p<0.001) lower relative UWES-9 work engagement score. Nocturia was associated with a 3.9 percentage points (p<0.001) higher work impairment due to absenteeism and presenteeism (WPAI). Adjusting additionally for sleep disturbance and sleep duration reduced the magnitude of the estimated effects, suggesting a key role for poor sleep in explaining the relationship between nocturia and the outcomes (SWB, UWES-9, WPAI) assessed.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/13696998.2020.1767631
Date: 12 May 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nocturia, Sleep, WPAI, UWES-9, Subjective Well-being, GLM
Subjects: A300 Clinical Medicine
B300 Complementary Medicine
B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
L100 Economics
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > Birmingham City Business School > Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics
Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > Birmingham City Business School > Centre for Applied Finance and Economics
Depositing User: Erez Yerushalmi
Date Deposited: 12 May 2020 08:59
Last Modified: 14 May 2020 13:11
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9228

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