Food and Migration: Dietary Acculturation among Migrants to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Rabiee-Khan, Fatemeh and Alzeidan, Rasmieh and Tharkar, Shabana and Ullah, Anhar and Hersi, Ahmed S. (2020) Food and Migration: Dietary Acculturation among Migrants to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Journal of Primary Care & Community Health, 11. ISSN 2150-1327

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Abstract

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a large migrant workforce particularly from North Africa, other Gulf states and South Asia. Migration influences food behavior; however, the change is not often health conducive. This study aimed to investigate the dietary acculturation among 880 migrants and their families in a large University in the Kingdoms’ capital city, Riyadh.
Methods: A cross sectional study design was used based on 2 questionnaires; Rosenmoller et al’s and the WHO STEPS surveillance tool for chronic disease surveillance. Data on length of residency, dietary patterns, anthropometric and biochemical measurements were collected by trained interviewers. Descriptive statistics were reported as a percentage or mean, as appropriate. Chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test or independent t test, Univariate and Multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to compare the significance between variables.
Results: Both male and female participants showed a similar mean age (39.7 and 38.5 years). Approximately 61% of them had <5 year’s duration of residency. Significant gender differences were observed in blood pressure and biochemical measurements, with men showing higher mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure and dyslipidemia than women (P < .001). Women had significantly higher BMI (P < .001), showed higher mean food practice (P < .001) and awareness scores than men.
Conclusions: Migration into Saudi Arabia from this subgroup showed marked changes in the food practice; acquisition of unhealthy dietary practices also co-existed despite improved awareness and the presence of comorbidities. Findings from this study have relevance to other migrant communities and public health policy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Embargo end date: 12-08-2020 ** From SAGE Publishing via Jisc Publications Router ** History: received 30-06-2020; accepted 22-07-2020; rev-recd 22-07-2020; epub 12-08-2020. ** Licence for this article starting on 12-08-2020: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1177/2150132720949771
Date: 12 August 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: Original Research, dietary acculturation, food behavior, nutritional awareness, noncommunicable disease, migrants, public health nutrition, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences > School of Health Sciences
REF UoA Output Collections > REF2021 UoA 03: Allied Health Professions, Dentistry, Nursing & Pharmacy
SWORD Depositor: JISC PubRouter
Depositing User: JISC PubRouter
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2020 10:02
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2020 10:54
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9649

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