The state of mixed methods research in nursing: A focused mapping review and synthesis

Irvine, FE and Clark, Maria and Efstathiou, N and Herber, OR and Howroyd, F and Gratrix, L and Sammut, Dana and Trumm, Aile and Hanssen, Tove A. and Taylor, Julie and Bradbury-Jones, Caroline (2020) The state of mixed methods research in nursing: A focused mapping review and synthesis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 76 (11). pp. 2798-2809. ISSN 0309-2402

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Abstract

Aims
To consider the scope and quality of mixed methods research in nursing.

Design
Focused mapping review and synthesis.

Data sources
International Journal of Nursing Studies, Journal of Nursing Scholarship, Journal of Advanced Nursing, Worldviews on Evidence Based Nursing, and Journal of Mixed Methods Research.

Review methods
Within the target journals, titles and abstracts from papers published between 2015 and 2018 were searched for the words or derivative words ‘mixed methods’. Additional keyword earches were undertaken using each journal’s search tool. We included studies that investigated nursing and reported to use a mixed methods approach. Articles that met the
inclusion criteria were read in full and information was extracted onto a predetermined proforma. Findings across journals were then synthesised to illustrate the current state of mixed methods research in nursing.

Results
We located 34 articles that reported on mixed methods research, conducted across 18 countries. Articles differed significantly both within and across journals in terms of conformity to a mixed methods approach. Nineteen studies were rated as satisfactory or good as regards our assessment of their execution, with 15 rated as poor. Primarily, a poor rating was due to the
absence of an underpinning methodological approach to the study and/or limited detail of the crucial integration phase.

Conclusions
There is a paucity of published mixed methods research in the higher ranked nursing journals, and when they are published there are limitations in the detail given to the underpinning methodological approach and theoretical explanation.

Impact
This review provides best practice guidance in conducting and reporting mixed methods nursing research and will help to ensure that nurses’ endeavour in mixed methods research is of the highest quality.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.14479
Date: 8 September 2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: focus mapping review and synthesis mixed methods nursing research
Subjects: B700 Nursing
Divisions: Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences > School of Nursing and Midwifery
Depositing User: Maria Clark
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2021 15:59
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2021 15:59
URI: http://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9879

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