Feasibility study for the value of pelvic floor distension in predicting mode of birth for women undergoing Vaginal Birth After Caesarean

Toozs-Hobson, Philip and Edwards, Elizabeth and Obloza, Aneta and Toozs-Hobson, J Benjamin and Egan, Helen (2021) Feasibility study for the value of pelvic floor distension in predicting mode of birth for women undergoing Vaginal Birth After Caesarean. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology: X, 10. p. 100126. ISSN 2590-1613

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Indroduction & hypothesis
Women having Vaginal Birth (VB) have different soft tissue dynamics to women requiring emergency Lower Section Caesarean Section (LSCS).

To assess the role of ultrasound in the assessment of LH distensibility in predicting outcomes for women wishing for Vaginal Birth After Caesarean section (VBAC). To inform subsequent trial design including understanding womens attitudes to the use of ultrasound in prediction of vaginal birth

Nulliparous, previous VB and previous LSCS underwent a transvaginal ultrasound. This scan looked at the distensibility of the LH and then correlated with mode of birth. Analysis used logistic regression and ROC curves analysis for static measurements and distensibility. A second cohort was also asked about their views as to the usefulness of such a tool to help inform on the utility of such a model.

The original hypothesis confirmed maternal BMI, Anterior Posterior (AP) diameter at rest and AP distensibility all being significant predictors of VB in nulliparous women. As expected this relationship was also seen in women who had previously had a vaginal birth. Of the VBAC group, 23 women had LSCS. Five were Robson category 18 had emergency LSCS in labour. 25 women had VB. Whilst there were trends towards lesser distensibility in VBAC women who delivered vaginally, none of these reached sgnificance. The concept of the use of scanning to inform women as to likelihood of successful vaginal birth was supported by the survey.

Previously noted characteristics in nulliparous women for pelvic floor distension were confirmed. This relationship was not demonstrated for the VBAC cohort. We were unable to establish criteria for a simple ultrasound model to predict VB in women wishing for VBAC. Overall, women would welcome such model if it were available.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Article version: AM ** From Elsevier via Jisc Publications Router ** History: accepted 08-03-2021; issue date 14-03-2021. ** Licence for AM version of this article starting on 12-03-2021: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurox.2021.100126
8 March 2021Accepted
14 March 2021Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: VBAC Predicting delivery Ultrasound Pelvic floor
Subjects: CAH03 - biological and sport sciences > CAH03-01 - biosciences > CAH03-01-02 - biology (non-specific)
Divisions: Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences > School of Health Sciences
SWORD Depositor: JISC PubRouter
Depositing User: JISC PubRouter
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2021 09:33
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2022 11:31
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11316

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