To achieve and to conform: Motivational values predict social comparison orientation

Aldrovandi, Silvio and Dhillon, Jaspal and Rentzelas, Panagiotis (2021) To achieve and to conform: Motivational values predict social comparison orientation. Personality and Individual Differences, 182. p. 111083. ISSN 0191-8869

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As personal motivational values have been shown to associate with personality traits, we explore whether they also predict social comparison orientation (SCO), the proclivity to compare with other people in order to inform self-evaluation judgements. Participants completed the Portrait Values Questionnaire (Schwartz et al., 2001) to measure personal values and INCOM (Gibbons & Buunk, 1999) to assess SCO. Bayesian analyses revealed that the personal values of achievement and conformity strongly predicted SCO. The association between SCO and three other personal values—power, universalism, and benevolence—were mediated by achievement. The findings suggest that the tendency to compare to others is determined by very two different motivational values, gaining personal success through demonstrating competence according to social standards and exercising behaviours and attitudes that adhere to social norms.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number:
19 June 2021Accepted
1 July 2021Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: social comparisons; motivational values; achievement; conformity; power.
Subjects: CAH04 - psychology > CAH04-01 - psychology > CAH04-01-01 - psychology (non-specific)
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences > Dept. Psychology
Depositing User: Silvio Aldrovandi
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2021 08:44
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2023 03:00

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