A Review of Embodied Carbon in Landscape Architecture. Practice and Policy

Nikologianni, Anastasia and Plowman, Theodoros and Brown, Benjamin (2022) A Review of Embodied Carbon in Landscape Architecture. Practice and Policy. C Journal of Carbon Research, 8 (2). ISSN 2311-5629

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This paper aims to discuss the importance of the climate crisis and embodied carbon in the landscape architecture sector. The study was carried out in a multiprofessional team with the collaboration of the Landscape Institute (LI) Chartered Body of Landscape Architecture, UK, and experts in the field. Using the expertise and knowledge of professionals as well as existing landscape examples and pioneering tools on carbon, this review paper focuses on the importance of low/net-zero carbon landscapes for our cities and regions and the ways in which these can contribute to the broader health and wellbeing of our communities. Examining the current situation on carbon methodologies and the latest knowledge on carbon calculations through a landscape lens, the paper explores why embodied carbon is important for open spaces/landscapes and the necessary policies to support a more efficient implementation of these concepts. The intensity of recent environmental challenges demands action. This review highlights the need for holistic approaches that integrate embodied carbon calculations on large-scale landscape design. Using the innovative example of the Pathfinder App, a carbon calculation tool, as well as other similar software, this paper argues that more steps are needed towards the calculation and adaptation of CO2 emissions resulting from design, construction and materials in landscape schemes. The low availability of carbon calculation tools, specially developed for landscape schemes, is a major concern for the profession as it creates several issues with the sustainable development of the landscape projects as well as fragmented policies that exclude spatial and open spaces. Even though carbon calculation and embodied carbon are being calculated in buildings or materials, it is a relatively new area when it comes to land, the landscape and open and green space, and therefore, this study will present and discuss some of the pioneering carbon calculation tools focusing on landscape projects.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/c8020022
22 March 2022Accepted
26 March 2022Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: embodied carbon; landscape design; climate crisis; policy; cities; whole-life carbon; landscape architecture; mitigation; place; space
Subjects: CAH13 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01-03 - landscape design
CAH13 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01-04 - planning (urban, rural and regional)
CAH15 - social sciences > CAH15-01 - sociology, social policy and anthropology > CAH15-01-03 - social policy
Divisions: Faculty of Arts, Design and Media > Birmingham School of Architecture and Design
Depositing User: Anastasia Nikologianni
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2022 15:39
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2022 15:40
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13033

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