Retrospective and prospective evaluations of mammography screening narratives: The role of own experience

Aldrovandi, Silvio and Bridger, Emma K. and Knowles, Daniel and Poirier, Marie (2022) Retrospective and prospective evaluations of mammography screening narratives: The role of own experience. Experimental Psychology. ISSN 1618-3169

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We investigated the role of previous experience when providing summary judgments of mammography narratives. A total of 807 women who either did or did not have previous experience of a mammogram were presented with a written description of a mammography visit. We manipulated the presentation position of a negative element within the narrative in order to alter its accessibility in memory and determine whether the latter impacted equally on two types of summary judgments. After the narrative presentation, participants were asked to provide both retrospective and prospective evaluations, that is summary judgments about the described event and an appraisal of the likelihood of participating in future instances of such event, respectively. A recency effect was observed only for retrospective but not for prospective evaluations. When examined only for the sub-set of women who had undergone a mammography visit themselves, prospective evaluations were shown to be predicted by the reported quality of the mammography participants experienced themselves. The findings support and extend the accessibility model of emotional self-report and suggest that own experience leaks into evaluations of hypothetical scenarios by selectively impacting on prospective evaluations.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number:
17 May 2022Accepted
27 June 2022Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: retrospective evaluation, prospective evaluation, order effect, accessibility, mammography visit
Subjects: CAH04 - psychology > CAH04-01 - psychology > CAH04-01-04 - psychology and health
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > College of Psychology
Depositing User: Silvio Aldrovandi
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2022 15:22
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2024 13:03

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