Exploring the Key Indicators of Social Impact Assessment for Sponge City PPPs: A Sustainable Development Perspective

Li, Wei and Guo, Jiyue and Yuan, Jingfeng and Liu, Henry J. and Edwards, David J. (2022) Exploring the Key Indicators of Social Impact Assessment for Sponge City PPPs: A Sustainable Development Perspective. Buildings, 12 (9). p. 1329. ISSN 2075-5309

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Sponge city (SPC) is currently being promoted as an initiative under the principle of sustainable development to solve the urban water crisis across China. Moreover, with the introduction of the public-private partnerships (PPPs) in SPC development, the public’s concern regarding SPC PPPs has increased in terms of their more sophisticated outcomes and greater social impacts than general urban development. Thus, to develop an effective set of SIA key indicators for SPC PPPs, this study uses social impact theory (SIT) to explore in greater detail the influencing mechanism for the social impact assessment (SIA) conceptual model proposed in the authors’ previous studies. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was applied to examine whether the hypothesized relationships in the influencing mechanism fit the empirical data and to further consolidate the SIA key indicators. Based on a survey questionnaire and CFA results, a verified and refined SIA framework using 23 key indicators and five corresponding dimensions was proposed, particularly within the context of SPC PPPs. Implications generated from the CFA were discussed to improve the comprehensive performance of sponge city PPPs. These 23 key indicators and the clarification of their relationships to the respective SIA dimensions and to the overall SIA results can be a useful tool for enhancing the social benefits of SPC PPPs. Moreover, this study also provides governments with insights into enabling the low-impact and sustainable development of infrastructure within urban areas.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12091329
29 August 2022Accepted
30 August 2022Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: sponge city, public-private partnerships (PPPs), sustainable development, social impact theory, social impact assessment
Subjects: CAH13 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01-02 - building
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment
Depositing User: Gemma Tonks
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2023 15:04
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2023 15:04
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13922

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