Semantic web-based automated compliance checking with integration of Finite Element analysis

Patlakas, Panagiotis and Christovasilis, Ioannis and Riparbelli, Lorenzo and Cheung, Franco and Vakaj, Edlira (2024) Semantic web-based automated compliance checking with integration of Finite Element analysis. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 61. p. 102448. ISSN 1474-0346

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Abstract

Automatic Compliance Checking (ACC) is a promising response to the challenges involved in meeting building and planning regulations, and increasingly utilised by researchers in the context of Building Information Modelling (BIM) and the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC). However, engineers often use computational methods, such as Finite Element Analysis (FEA), to solve challenging engineering problems. Such methods have received little attention in the context of ACC and BIM. The work presented here proposes a holistic approach, integrating FEA in the IFC schema, and utilising a Semantic Web-based system for ACC. A top-level ontology, the Building Compliance Ontology (BCO) is proposed, with the aim of covering all aspects of compliance in the Built Environment. One novelty of BCO is that it revolves around modelling statements in the building regulations, as opposed to the more common approach of modelling building components.

In order to evaluate the effectiveness and applicability of this process, a real-world problem is used: the compliance to the structural engineering design codes of the structural members of a modular steel structure. An open-source solver is utilised for the FEA, and the IFC model is enriched with its results, using an open-source middleware for the Input/Output. BCO is extended to the field of structural engineering, and appropriate ACC classes and SHACL checks are implemented. Compliance is checked automatically by running SHACL scripts in a Semantic Web environment.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aei.2024.102448
Dates:
DateEvent
26 February 2024Accepted
14 March 2024Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: Automatic Compliance Checking, Web Ontology Language (OWL), Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), Semantic Web, Finite Element Analysis (FEA)
Subjects: CAH10 - engineering and technology > CAH10-01 - engineering > CAH10-01-07 - civil engineering
CAH13 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01-01 - architecture
CAH13 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01 - architecture, building and planning > CAH13-01-02 - building
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > School of Engineering and the Built Environment > Dept. of Built Environment
Depositing User: Panagiotis Patlakas
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2024 13:54
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2024 13:54
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15300

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