Fingertip Video Dataset for Non-invasive Diagnosis of Anemia using ResNet-18 Classifier

Sabir, Humera and Khan, Kifayat Ullah and Ishaq, Omer (2024) Fingertip Video Dataset for Non-invasive Diagnosis of Anemia using ResNet-18 Classifier. IEEE Access. ISSN 2169-3536

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Abstract

Hemoglobin is the iron containing protein in red blood cells which carries oxygen from lungs to rest of the body tissues.Accurate measurement of hemoglobin is essential for diagnosing anemia, a condition characterized by a deficiency of red blood cells. This measurement is particularly vital before initiating blood transfusions for thalassemia patients.Non-invasive estimation of hemoglobin levels can be achieved through photoplethysmography (PPG)-based methods.PPG is an optical method to measure blood volume changes in successive heart beats. PPG signals can be obtained from fingertip videos using a light source and a photodetector. Smartphone PPG utilizes a smartphone’s flashlight as a light source and its camera as a photodetector to acquire PPG signals, offering an affordable and portable point-of care tool. Despite the ubiquity of smartphones, signals from their cameras often contain noise, making feature selection from PPG characteristics challenging. While PPG-based methods are invaluable, the lack of real-world datasets poses a significant challenge in maximizing the benefits of PPG technology. In this paper, we introduce a dataset comprising 1-minute fingertip video recordings from 150 anemic patients, obtained using a smartphone’s camera. The dataset, publicly accessible for research purposes a, covers an age range of 6 months to 32 years, with diverse hemoglobin values (4.3 gm/dL - 12.4 gm/dL).Utilizing this dataset, we propose a deep learning-based technique employing the ResNet-18 architecture to estimate hemoglobin levels. This approach eliminates the need for manual feature extraction and selection from PPG signals, overcoming a limitation in existing smartphonePPG-based hemoglobin estimation systems. Our model achieves a hemoglobin level estimation with an RMSE of 0.81-1.39 when compared with the gold standard laboratory method, Complete Blood Count (CBC) test reports.In contrast, HemaApp, a state-ofthe-art research utilizing a machine learning-based classifier (SVM), yields an RMSE of 1.7 on our dataset. The accuracy and simplicity of our model position it as a promising alternative to existing non-invasive hemoglobin level estimation methods.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2024.3398353
Dates:
DateEvent
21 April 2024Accepted
8 May 2024Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: PPG Signals, Fingertip video dataset, Hemoglobin Estimation, Non-Invasive, Computer Vision, Image Processing, Deep Learning
Subjects: CAH10 - engineering and technology > CAH10-01 - engineering > CAH10-01-06 - bioengineering, medical and biomedical engineering
CAH11 - computing > CAH11-01 - computing > CAH11-01-03 - information systems
CAH11 - computing > CAH11-01 - computing > CAH11-01-05 - artificial intelligence
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > Birmingham City Business School
Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences > Birmingham City Business School > Centre for Accountancy Finance and Economics
Depositing User: Kifayat Khan
Date Deposited: 14 May 2024 15:27
Last Modified: 14 May 2024 15:32
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15484

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