Porous media and foam application in battery thermal management systems: A comprehensive review focused on its impact, numerical modeling, and experimental preparation

Keyhani-Asl, Alireza and Perera, Noel and Lahr, Jens and Hasan, Reaz (2024) Porous media and foam application in battery thermal management systems: A comprehensive review focused on its impact, numerical modeling, and experimental preparation. Journal of Energy Storage, 93. p. 112306. ISSN 2352-152X

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The optimization of performance, safety, and longevity in electric and hybrid electric vehicles (EV/HEV) necessitates the implementation of efficient battery thermal management systems. In order to accomplish this objective, it is necessary to implement practical Battery Thermal Management Systems (BTMS) to regulate fluctuations in temperature and maintain a desired temperature range and distribution. Porous media and foams have been identified as viable approaches to tackle the aforementioned issues in thermal management systems effectively. The primary objective of this review paper is to provide an analysis of the developments, trends, and limitations pertaining to the utilization of porous medium and foam in BTMS. The underlying mechanisms and benefits associated with the utilization of porous media have been investigated with a particular focus on their influence on improving and optimizing heat transfer within BTMS. The paper analyzes a variety of porous media and foam structures, materials, manufacturing methods, and numerical modeling. Among the different properties of the porous media, porosity was found to have the most impact on BTMS performance and lower porosity leads to better heat transfer and lower maximum temperature (Tmax) and maximum temperature difference (ΔTmax). Also, the permeability of the foam needs to be optimized to keep a balance between the reduction of Tmax and any possible increase of ΔTmax. Porous media commonly employed in BTMS consist of carbon and metal-based foams, with copper foam being particularly significant owing to its superior thermal conductivity. Considering the dynamic nature of heat generation in lithium-ion batteries, Darcy-Brinkman-Forchheimer (DBF) and Local thermal non-equilibrium (LTNE) were found to be accurate for numerical simulations of porous media in BTMS. Furthermore, it has been underscored that further experimental and numerical investigations, as well as optimization analyses, are crucial for optimizing the thermal management systems of electric and hybrid electric vehicle batteries and maximizing the potential of porous media and foam. This paper concludes by proposing potential future research paths to highlight unexplored areas of research.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2024.112306
24 May 2024Accepted
31 May 2024Published Online
Uncontrolled Keywords: Battery thermal management system, Porous media, Foam, Lithium-ion batteries, Electric vehicle, Hybrid electric vehicle
Subjects: CAH10 - engineering and technology > CAH10-01 - engineering > CAH10-01-01 - engineering (non-specific)
Divisions: Faculty of Computing, Engineering and the Built Environment > College of Engineering
Depositing User: Gemma Tonks
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2024 12:57
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 11:50
URI: https://www.open-access.bcu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15565

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